Race, Place, and Environmental Justice After Hurricane Katrina: Struggles to Reclaim, Rebuild, and Revitalize New Orleans and the Gulf Coast
Robert Doyle Bullard, Beverly Wright (Ph. D.)
Westview Press, 2009 - Political Science - 290 pages
On August 29, 2005, Hurricane Katrina made landfall near New Orleans leaving death and destruction across the Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama Gulf Coast counties. The lethargic and inept emergency response that followed exposed institutional flaws, poor planning, and false assumptions that are built into the emergency response and homeland security plans and programs. Questions linger: What went wrong? Can it happen again? Is our government equipped to plan for, mitigate, respond to, and recover from natural and manmade disasters? Can the public trust government response to be fair? Does race matter? Racial disparities exist in disaster response, cleanup, rebuilding, reconstruction, and recovery. Race plays out in natural disaster survivors' ability to rebuild, replace infrastructure, obtain loans, and locate temporary and permanent housing. Generally, low-income and people of color disaster victims spend more time in temporary housing, shelters, trailers, mobile homes, and hotels—and are more vulnerable to permanent displacement. Some “temporary” homes have not proved to be that temporary. In exploring the geography of vulnerability, this book asks why some communities get left behind economically, spatially, and physically before and after disasters strike.
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Race Place and the Environment in PostKatrina New Orleans
TABLES AND FIGURES
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accessed August African African-American agencies Agriculture Street Landfill Americans Available Baton Rouge Brookings Institution Bullard businesses Center citizens city's clean-up community-based laboratories contamination contracts damage disaster disparities displaced economic development emergency environment environmental justice evacuation plans FEMA flood funding Gentilly grants Gulf Coast homeowners households Hurricane Katrina impact income infrastructure issues Katrina and Rita Landfill levee levels living Louisiana Louisiana Recovery Authority low-income Lower Ninth Ward major Mayor ment metropolitan million Mississippi Nagin National neighborhoods nonprofit organizations Orleanians Orleans East Orleans Parish percent political poor population post-Katrina poverty pre-Katrina problems protection public housing race racial rates Ray Nagin rebuilding recovery region repair Report residents response risk Road Home Road Home program schools sediment September social storm strategy Times-Picayune tion toxic trailers transit transportation U.S. Department United UNOP urban vulnerable workers workforce development