Race, Place, and Medicine: The Idea of the Tropics in Nineteenth-Century Brazil
Race, Place, and Medicine examines the impact of a group of nineteenth-century Brazilian physicians who became known posthumously as the Bahian Tropicalista School of Medicine. Julyan G. Peard explores how this group of obscure clinicians became participants in an international debate as they helped change the scientific framework and practices of doctors in Brazil.
Peard shows how the Tropicalistas adapted Western medicine and challenged the Brazilian medical status quo in order to find new answers to the old question of whether the diseases of warm climates were distinct from those of temperate Europe. They carried out innovative research on parasitology, herpetology, and tropical disorders, providing evidence that countered European assumptions about Brazilian racial and cultural inferiority. In the face of European fatalism about health care in the tropics, the Tropicalistas forged a distinctive medicine based on their beliefs that public health would improve only if large social issues—such as slavery and abolition—were addressed and that the delivery of health care should encompass groups hitherto outside the doctors’ sphere, especially women. But the Tropicalistas’ agenda, which included biting social critiques and broad demands for the extension of health measures to all of Brazil’s people, was not sustained. Race, Place, and Medicine shows how imported models of tropical medicine—constructed by colonial nations for their own needs—downplayed the connection between socioeconomic factors and tropical disorders.
This study of a neglected episode in Latin American history will interest Brazilianists, as well as scholars of Latin American, medical, and scientific history.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
The Escola Tropicalista Bahiana A Creative Response in Adversity
The Politics of Disease
Race Climate and Medicine Framing Tropical Disorders
Physicians and Women in Bahia
Moving into Mainstream
Other editions - View all
African ainhum Antonio Pacifico Pereira Bahian doctors Bahian medical school became beriberi brasileira Brazilian doctors Brazilian Empire Brazilian medical British century climate clinical Cobbold colonial Costa Couto cultural debate disease dissertation early epidemic estudo European example Faculdade de Medicina faculty filaria filariasis Francisco da Silva French Freyre Gazeta Medica Gazeta Medica 15 German Gilberto Freyre Goes Siqueira graduating History of Medicine hookworm Hygiene ideas imperial Jose Francisco Judith Walzer Leavitt Latin American Leavitt medi medical establishment Medicina da Bahia Memoria historica midwives Monteiro Moura mulatto nation Nina Rodrigues nineteenth Parasites parasitology Paterson patients Patrick Manson Pedro Ph.D physicians Pires Caldas political practice race racial reform Relatorios Rio de Janeiro Salvador Santa Casa hospital Santos Filho Sao Paulo scientific Silva Lima slavery slaves social society Stepan theory tion traditional tropical disorders tropical medicine Tropicalistas Western medicine women Wucherer Wucherer's yellow fever York