Race and Redistricting in the 1990s
A portrait of how the 1990s round of redistricting treated the racial and linguistic minorities that had been given special protections by the Voting Rights Act of 1965, primarily African-Americans, but also Native Americans, Asian-Americans, and those of Spanish heritage. Throughout the volume, the primary focus is on the practical politics of redistricting and its consequences for racial representation. Almost all the authors have been directly involved in the 1990s redistricting process either as a legislator, a member of the Voting Rights Section of the Justice Department, a member of a districting commission, or, most commonly, as an expert witness or lawyer in voting rights cases. All bring to bear special insights as well as insider knowledge of Congressional and state redistricting.
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1992 elections adopted Alaska Alaska Native American Angeles argued Assembly Attorney Bernard Grofman black candidates Black legislators black majority black population black voters black-majority districts bloc voting boundaries Burton California Caucus census challenge City Commission Committee Congress congressional districts congressional plan congressional seats constitutional created decision delegation district court district lines electoral federal court Georgia GLBC Governor groups Hispanic House districts ibid increase influence districts interposed jurisdictions Justice Department Latino leaders legislative districts legislature Louisiana majority African-American districts majority-Black districts majority-minority majority-minority districts Masters Mickey Michaux minority districts minority voting NAACP Non-South North objections partisan percent African-American percent black percentage plaintiffs political preclearance primary race reapportionment redistricting plan redistricting process registration representation Representative Republican Section Senate districts session Shaw South Carolina state’s statewide Supp Supreme Court Texas three-judge tion tricts Virginia voting age voting age population Voting Rights Act voting strength white Democrats white voters
Page 42 - It reinforces the perception that members of the same racial group — regardless of their age, education, economic status, or the community in which they live — think alike, share the same political interests, and will prefer the same candidates at the polls.