Race and sentencing: a study in the Crown Court : a report for the Commission for Racial Equality
Roger G. Hood, Graša Espada, Graša Cordovil, University of Oxford. Centre for Criminological Research
Clarendon Press, 1992 - Law - 343 pages
This is the first major study to examine whether race is a factor influencing the sentences imposed in the Crown Courts in England. Based on a large sample of cases, it reveals a complex and disturbing pattern of racial differences in the resort to custody, the lengths of sentences, and the choice of alternative punishments. The findings provide a challenge for considering how to eliminate the racial factor from sentencing practices.
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Approach and Method
Some Basic Comparisons of Sentencing Practices
Comparing Custody Rates
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Afro-Caribbean amongst analysis Andrew Ashworth Appeared for sentence Asian Offender Birmingham Crown Court black males black offenders black women blacks and Asians blacks and whites Breach cent charge co-defendants committed compared Coventry Crime Criminal Justice custodial sentence custody for blacks custody rate custody score dealt defendants Dudley courts either-way ethnic group ethnic minorities evidence expected rate females found guilty higher proportion Home Office imprisonment judges logistic regression Magistrates offence F.G. pleaded guilty pleaded not guilty police Prev previous convictions probability of custody probability of receiving probation proportion of blacks race racial rate of custody receiving a custodial remanded in custody risk of custody robbery sample sentenced to custody sentences imposed significantly Social Inquiry Report suspended sentence Table tenced tion tody Tony Jefferson TOTAL NUMBER TPCS trial type of offence Victim violence Wald R Odds West Midlands white and black white offenders Whites Blacks Asians