Race and the Unconscious: Freudianism in French Caribbean Thought
In this ground-breaking study Britton looks at the different ways in which Freudian psychoanalysis has been incorporated into arguments about racial identity and difference in the French Caribbean. Freud is often accused of Eurocentrism and in particular of making unjustifiable generalizations on the basis of European family structures. Although French Caribbean intellectuals such as Fanon, Cesaire and Glissant have joined in these criticisms, they have also made strikingly positive use of psychoanalysis. Much intellectual energy has been invested in notions of repression, the Oedipus complex and the psychoanalytic cure, while at the same time Freudianism has been no less vigorously criticized for its political quietism and its potential as a means of social control. Thus Freudian theory, and the controversies it arouses, remains a surprisingly persistent element in Caribbean culture. The crucial issue is the link between the unconscious and race.
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abject African African-American Aime Cesaire ambivalence analysis André Antillean Antilles argues argument attitude Bhabha bien Breton c'est Caliban Cesaire's chapter claims collectif collective unconscious colonial concept conscious context criticism critique cultural difference d'CEdipe d'une désir desire disavowal Discours antillais ethnographic etre fact fait father Frantz Fanon French Caribbean French Studies Freud Freudian Frobenius Glissant Gracchus Gracchus's homosexuality identification individual instance L'Autre l'homme L'Inceste focal l'inconscient Lacan Lacanian Lieux Madagascan Malinowski Martinican Martinican unconscious Martiniquais Martinique masques blancs matrifocality Maud Mannoni Mayotte Menil mère merveilleux mirror stage n'est negre nègres Negritude neurosis nevrose Oedipus complex Paris paternal function Payote Payote's Peau noire père peut Pierre Mabille political politique position primitive psyche Psychiatre psychoanalysis psychological psychosis qu'il qu'on racial racism reality relation relevant repression Seuil sexual situation slave social scientists society structure surrealism surrealist Suzanne Cesaire Symbolic theory Totem and Taboo tout Tropiques Tropiques's universal Veneuse white masks writing