Race in North America: Origin and Evolution of a Worldview

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Avalon Publishing, 2012 - HISTORY - 386 pages

In Race in North America, Audrey Smedley shows that “race” is a cultural invention that has been used variously and opportunistically since the eighteenth century. Race, in its origin, was not a product of science but of a folk ideology reflecting a new form of social stratification and a rationalization for inequality among the peoples of North America.

New coauthor Brian Smedley joins Audrey Smedley in updating this renowned and groundbreaking text. The fourth edition includes a compelling new chapter on the health impacts of the racial worldview, as well as a thoroughly rewritten chapter that explores the election of Barack Obama and the evolving role of race in American political history. This edition also incorporates recent findings on the human genome and the implications of genomics. Drawing on new understandings of DNA expression, the authors scrutinize the positions of contemporary race scientists who maintain that race is a valid biological concept.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
1 Some Theoretical Considerations
11
2 The Etymology of the Term Race in the English Language
35
3 Antecedents of the Racial Worldview
41
4 The Growth of the English Ideology About Human Differences in America
73
5 The Arrival of Africans and Descent into Slavery
93
The Significance of Racial Servitude
121
7 EighteenthCentury Thought and the Crystallization of the Ideology of Race
159
10 Growth of the Racial Worldview in NineteenthCentury America
227
11 Science and the Expansion of Race Ideology Beyond the United States
251
12 TwentiethCentury Developments in Race Ideology
269
13 Changing Perspectives on Human Variation in Science
289
Transformations of an Ideology
307
15 The Health and Other Consequences of the Racial Worldview
331
References
351
Index
371

8 Antislavery and the Entrenchment of a Racial Worldview
189
9 The Rise of Science and Scientific Racism
213

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About the author (2012)

Audrey Smedley is professor emerita of anthropology and African American studies at Virginia Commonwealth University. She is the author of several books as well as the American Anthropology Association's position paper on race.

Brian D. Smedley holds a Ph.D. in psychology from UCLA. He is vice president and director of the Health Policy Institute of the Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies, a think tank in Washington, D.C.