Radiation treatment of gaseous and liquid effluents for contaminant removal: proceedings of a technical meeting held in Sofia, Bulgaria, 7-10 September 2004
International Atomic Energy Agency, 2005 - Technology & Engineering - 139 pages
Strategies to tackle environmental pollution have been receiving increasing attention throughout the world in recent years. Power generation using fossil fuel such as coal, natural gas and petroleum is responsible for the release of pollutants into the atmosphere along with the off-gases from industries, power stations, residential heating systems and vehicles. During the combustion process various pollutants such as fly ash, sulphur oxides (SO2 and SO3), nitrogen oxides (NOx = NO2 + NO) and volatile organic compounds are emitted. Radiation processing using electron beam accelerators has shown very promising results in this regard. Over the last few years, radiation treatment techniques have been developed and deployed for ensuring environmental safety from gaseous and liquid effluents. It has been demonstrated that electron beam flue gas treatment (SOx and NOx removal), wastewater purification and sludge hygienization can be effectively deployed.
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acid ammonia ammonium ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY beam flue gas beam power Beam Process biological treatment boiler Bulgaria by-product Chem chemical chlorinated CHMIELEWSKI coal combustion construction consumption deNOx dioxins dose dyeing EA-FGD economic effluents electric electrical efficiency electron accelerator electron beam flue electron beam technology electron beam treatment electrostatic precipitator environment Estonia facility fertilizer flow rate flue gas treatment flue gases fuel gas cleaning humidity IAEA Ignalina NPP increase industrial plant inlet installation INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY ionizing radiation irradiation Lithuania Maritsa mercury NOx removal efficiency nozzle operation cost organic compounds oxidation ozone PAHs parameters particulate pathogenic Phys pilot plant Poland pollutants Pomorzany power plants purification radiation processing radiation technology reaction reactor reduce sewage sludge SO2 and NOx SO2 removal spray stoichiometry sulfur Table temperature toxic treatment plant VOCs volatile organic compounds wastewater treatment