Radical Construction Grammar: Syntactic Theory in Typological Perspective

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Oxford University Press, 2001 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 416 pages
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This book is based on the results of research in language typology, and motivated by the need for a theory to explain them. The essence of the approach is (a) that almost all aspects of grammatical structure are language specific, and (b) that language universals are to be found in conceptualstructure and in the mapping of conceptual structure on to linguistic form. It proposes intimate links between syntactic and semantic structures, and argues that the basic elements of any language are not syntactic but syntactic-semantic 'Gestalts'.Professor Croft puts forward a new approach to syntactic representation and a new model of how language and languages work. He covers a wide range of syntactic phenomena, illustrating these with examples that show the varied grammatical structures of the world's languages. The book will beaccessible all linguists at graduate level and beyond.
 

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Contents

Parts of Speech
63
Syntactic Categories and Semantic Relativity
108
Clausal Syntactic Roles Grammatical Relations
132
PART Two FROM SYNTACTIC RELATIONS TO SYMBOLIC RELATIONS
175
A Radical Approach to Syntactic Relations
203
Heads Arguments and Adjuncts
241
The Voice Continuum
283
The CoordinationSubordination Continuum
320
Syntactic Theory and the Theory of Language
362
References
369
Index of Authors
393
Index of Constructions Categories and Features
401
Index of Subjects
407
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About the author (2001)

William Croft received his Ph.D. in linguistics at Stanford University in 1986. His publications includeTypology and Universals (1990), Syntactic Categories and Grammatical Relations (1991), Studies in Typology and Diachrony (coedited with Keith Denning and Suzanne Kemmer, 1990), ExplainingLanguage Change: An Evolutionary Approach (2000), and a large number of scholarly articles. His current research areas include syntax, semantics, typology, and historical linguistics. Forthcoming books include Cognitive Linguistics (with D. Alan Cruse) and Verbs: Aspect and ArgumentStructure.

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