Radiographic Techniques: The Dog
Radiographic Techniques: The Dog facilitates radiographic studies of dogs and helps establish consistent standards in patient positioning. The authors include views that are known to produce excellent results in most clinical situations. Offering practical instructions, the book should be kept conveniently near the controls of the X-ray machine. Space is provided in each section for the user to record specific techniques that have been used successfully, In addition to figures that demonstrate patient positioning, the various methods for achieving patient restraint are illustrated. All necessary radiographic views are included in each anatomic study. Central beam direction for each view is described briefly. When recommended, changes in teh focal-film distance are specified, and the infrequent use of nonscreen film is described. Radiographic examination of the head and spine receives special attention because of the difficulty of radiographic diagnosis in these areas and the requirement for multiple views. Because of the frequency of traumatic injury to the pelvis and hip joint and to facilitate analysis of hip dysplasia and the cauda equina syndrome radiography of these structures is considered in detail. This book provides a helpful cook book resource for veterinary students and technicians working in busy practices.
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Thorax lateral view vertical beam
Head frontooccipital view for occipital bone and foramen
Occipitoatlantoaxial region lateral view for odontoid
Pelvis and hip joints lateral view
Shoulder caudocranial ventrodorsal view
Carpus Metacarpus and Digits
Stifle caudocranial view with horizontal beam
Tarsus metatarsus and digits lateral view
Cervicothoracic spine ventrodorsal view
Spine Lumbar Region
abdomen antebrachium assist in positioning band across thorax cassette on table caudally Collinnation Comments direct vertical beam dorsal recumbency endotracheal tube extend head femur flexed gauze strip grid haircoat for matted hard palate Head and neck head in natural head in neutral hip dysplasia hold limb horizontal beam humerus inspect haircoat lateral recumbency lateral view Body limbs in neutral mandible metatarsus natural position nose odontoid process patella Patient preparation pelvis pinnae as handles pinnae of ears place cassette place compression band place head place in dorsal place in lateral place limbs place pinnae place sandbag place sponge position sandbags lateral position X-ray beam radiographic recommended views recumbency on pad sandbag across forelimbs sandbag over neck sandbags across hindlimbs Sedation or anesthesia special views spine sponge block sternal recumbency sternum stifle joints strip or tape table top tie-down rope Hindlinbs trough ventrodorsal view X-ray beam centering X-ray technique xyphoid process