Radiometry and the detection of optical radiation
Presents a treatment of fundamental aspects of the generation, transfer and detection of optical and infra-red radiation. Emphasis placed on practical aspects of radiometry in detection. Discusses formal principles of radiometry, signal-to-noise considerations in the detection of optical radiation, and the operation of various radiation detectors. Includes tables and graphs of blackbody functions.
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Theory of Blackbody Radiation
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absorbed angle subtended area element assumed average blackbody radiation bolometer calculated carrier cavity chapter circuit coherence component conduction band constant correlation function current noise cutoff dark current defined denotes detection process detection system discussion electrical bandwidth electromagnetic electrons emission emitted equal equation equilibrium expression field modes Figure flux focal frequency response given by Eq gr noise heterodyne detection hole incident radiation Infrared integration ionized irradiance Johnson noise Lambertian Lambertian source laser lens limit luminous Maxwell's equations mean-square measured n-type obtained optical system p-n junction photocathode photoconductor photocurrent photodiode photoevents photometry photomultiplier photon detector photon noise Planck radiation law plane power fluctuations probability distribution produced propagation pulse quantum radiance theorem radiation field radiometry refractive region result semiconductor shot noise shown in Fig signal-to-noise ratio solid angle spectral density spectral radiance surface temperature thermal detector thermal radiation tion vector wave wavelength York zero