Raiders Or Elite Infantry?: The Changing Role of the U.S. Army Rangers from Dieppe to Grenada

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ABC-CLIO, 1992 - History - 272 pages
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How have the U.S. Army Rangers acted as special operations forces in military operations since 1942? Hogan's study examines the nature and purpose of the Rangers over the past fifty years and shows how they have served as scouts, raiders, assault troops, and elite infantry. They have spearheaded amphibious landings, raided enemy prison camps, patrolled behind enemy lines in Korea, served alongside Green Berets in Vietnam, and carried out special missions in Grenada. Professional officers, military historians, students, and general readers will find this a fascinating history.

This analytical account opens with a short description of the origins of the Ranger legend in America and then moves to a discussion of their use in World War II, as commandos in 1942, then as spearheaders in 1943 and 1944, as line infantry in Europe and as special operations forces in the Pacific. This provocative assessment also traces the development of Ranger raider units in Korea, the special training and use of Green Berets as Rangers in Vietnam, and the shifting of Ranger roles into more complex and varied types of operations in Vietnam and Grenada and in a world of increasing terrorism and changing combat situations. Illustrations, maps, and a lengthy bibliography add to the usefulness of the study.

 

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Contents

1 Origins of a Legend
1
2 American Commandos
11
3 The Spearheaders
35
4 Line Infantry
57
5 The Anomaly of the 6th Ranger Battalion
81
6 The Rangers in Eclipse
95
7 Raiders for Korea
103
8 A Turning Point
117
10 Lerps and Green Berets
155
11 Improvisation in Vietnam
167
12 A Foot Infantry Battalion Finest in the World
195
13 Ronnies Rangers
217
Conclusion
231
Bibliographical Essay
237
Index
255
Copyright

9 Rangers Lead the Way
139

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About the author (1992)

DAVID W. HOGAN, JR. is Historian, Contingency Operations and Low Intensity Conflict Branch, Histories Division, U.S. Army Center of Military History.

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