Ranchos of San Diego County
The Mexican ranchos of San Diego County were a colorful and vital part of early California history. Ranchos covered the most fertile lands in San Diego and produced grain, vegetables, and fruits and grazed thousands of head of cattle, sheep, and horses. The dons and doAas who owned the ranchos were wealthy in land and cattle and built large adobe ranch-house complexes. The Kumeyaay, LuiseAo, and CupeAo were the backbone of the ranchos, providing the labor needed to run a successful ranch. Daily life of the dons, doAas, and their families included the Californio traditions of family and religion, dancing and fiestas, roundups and rodeos, and generous hospitality. Many of the ranchos no longer exist. Those that are preserved provide a window into Californiaas past.
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Rancho Santa Maria de los Penasquitos
Rancho Buena Vista
Rancho Agua Hedionda
Rancho Santa Margarita y Las Flores
Rancho San Dieguito
Ranchos Santa Maria and Santa Ysabel
Ranchos Valle de San Jose and San Jose del Valle
Ranchos La Punta and Tijuan
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acres adobe home Alvarado adobe Anaheim Andres Pico Angeles Arguello Bandini Baumgartner collection brand brother building built California Canyon Carrillo cattle Cave Couts Cave Johnson chapel Chauncey Hayes County of San County Parks courtyard Couts Jr daughter died Dolores Edward Stokes Estefana Felipa Osuna Flores Gouts John Forster Jose Antonio Pico Juan Bandini Juan Maria Osuna Juan Maria Romualdo Kumeyaay land grant left to right Luiseno Luiseno Indians Maria Antonia Maria Romualdo Marron's Marron Marron family Mexican Mission San Luis Native American oldest Ortega-Stokes Osuna owners Parker Dear Pfo Pico photograph shows Pollard presidio Ramona ranch house Rancho Agua Hedionda Rancho Buena Vista Rancho Guajome Rancho Penasquitos Rancho San Dieguito Rancho Santa Margarita Rancho Santa Maria Rancho Tijuan Refugio restored San Diego County San Luis Rey Santa Ysabel Santiago Arguello sheep Silvestre Marron Silvestre's USMC Vicenta vineyard Warner Ranch wife Ygnacio Yorba