Rape Law Reform: A Grassroots Revolution and Its Impact

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Springer Science & Business Media, Oct 31, 1992 - Psychology - 192 pages
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This book evolved from our interest in rape as feminists and as sodal sdentists. As feminists, we were concemed about the treatment of rape victims and the attrition in rape cases under traditional rape law, and we welcomed legal reforms designed to improve the situation. As sodal sdentists, we wondered about the efficacy of legal changes aimed at an inherently resistant court system. We also were curious about the lack of studies examining the impact of these changes; we were particularly surprised to find that no one had attempted to ana lyze the impact of the reforms in more than one jurisdiction. Con vinced that untangling the effects of the reforms from the effects of contextual factors required a multijurisdictional study, we deeided to undertake the project. We quickly discovered that evaluating rape law reform in several jurisdictions would be no easy task. We had deeided that such an evaluation would require monthly data on the outcome of rape cases before and after the reforms were implemented, as weIl as qualitative data on the attitudes of criminal justice officials toward the reforms. Because states do not generate monthly data on case outcomes, we would have to collect the data ourse1ves from court records main tained by individual jurisdictions. To obtain an adequate number of cases for the time-series analysis, we would have to select our sites from large urban jurisdictions scattered throughout the United States.
 

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Contents

Criticisms of Traditional Rape Law
17
Strong ReformsMichigan Illinois and Pennsylvania
36
Summary of Law Reforms
46
Analytical Framework
80
Assessments of the Importance of Evidence
111
The Impact of Reforms on the Evaluation of Evidence
129
Hypothetical Cases
137
Definitional Changes
160
Reform in Detroit
171
References 377
177
Appendix
183
Index
189
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About the author (1992)

Cassia C. Spohn is a Foundation Professor and Director of the School of Criminology and Criminal Justice at Arizona State University. She is the author or coauthor of six books, including Policing and Prosecuting Sexual Assault: Inside the Criminal Justice System, which was published in 2013. Her research interests include prosecutorial and judicial decision making, the intersections of race, ethnicity, crime and justice, and sexual assault case processing decisions. In 2013 she received ASU s Award for Leading Edge Research in the Social Sciences and was selected as a Fellow of the American Society of Criminology.

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