Rational Intuition: Philosophical Roots, Scientific Investigations

Front Cover
Lisa M. Osbeck, Barbara S. Held
Cambridge University Press, Aug 25, 2014 - Psychology - 440 pages
What is intuition? What constitutes an intuitive process? Why are intuition concepts important? After many years of scholarly neglect, interest in intuition is now exploding in psychology and cognitive science. Moreover, intuition is also enjoying a renaissance in philosophy. Yet no single definition of intuition appears in contemporary scholarship; there is no consensus on the meaning of this concept in any discipline. Rational Intuition focuses on conceptions of intuition in relation to rational processes. Covering a broad range of historical and contemporary contexts, prominent philosophers, psychologists, and cognitive scientists explore how intuition is implicated in rational activity in its diverse forms. In bringing the philosophical history of intuition into novel dialogue with contemporary philosophical and empirical research, Lisa M. Osbeck and Barbara S. Held invite a comparison of the conceptions and functions of intuition, thereby clarifying and advancing conceptual analysis across disciplines.
 

Contents

Intuition in Aristotle
39
Intuition and Knowledge
55
Descartes on Intuition and Ideas
75
Spinozas Conception of Intuition
90
Intuition and the Synthetic A Priori
114
Husserls Phenomenological Theory of Intuition
131
Getting Back into Duration
151
Intuition in Mathematics
174
Intuition in Strategic Thinking
239
Intuition in Kahneman and Tverskys Psychology of Rationality
257
How Eureka Results from Three Neural
287
Cognitive and Neural Mechanisms That
307
Intuition in 21stCentury Moral Psychology
338
Syntax and Semantics
362
farzad mahootian Global Liberal Studies New York University
386
An Interplay of Psychological
395

Intuition in Contemporary Philosophy
192
Expert Intuition
213

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About the author (2014)

Lisa M. Osbeck is currently Professor of Psychology at the University of West Georgia, where she teaches courses on the history, philosophy, and comparative theories of psychology. She is also a visiting scholar at the Center for Science, Technology, and Society at the University of Michigan. She is a research affiliate of the Georgia Institute of Technology, where she collaborated closely with the Cognition and Learning in Interdisciplinary Cultures (CLIC) Research Group, led by Nancy Nersessian, in ethnographic studies of science laboratories. This collaboration led to the publication of Science as Psychology: Sense-Making and Identity in Science Practice (Cambridge, 2011), which was the 2012 co-winner of the William James Book Award from the Society for General Psychology, Division 1, of the American Psychological Association. Osbeck also received the Sigmund Koch Award for Early Career Contribution to Psychology (2005) and the Theodore Sarbin Award (2012) from the Society for Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology, Division 24, of the APA. She is on the editorial boards of Theory and Psychology, New Ideas in Psychology, and the Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology, and is a Fellow of the American Psychological Association. Professor Osbeck also recently won the Arthur W. Staats Lecture for Unifying Psychology Award 2015. Barbara S. Held is the Barry N. Wish Professor of Psychology and Social Studies at Bowdoin College, Maine. Her work focuses on the theoretical, philosophical, and practical aspects of movements in psychology and psychotherapy. She is the author of Back to Reality: A Critique of Postmodern Theory in Psychotherapy (1995); Stop Smiling, Start Kvetching: A 5-Step Guide to Creative Complaining (2001); and Psychology's Interpretive Turn: The Search for Truth and Agency in Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology (2007) and a co-editor of Humanity's Dark Side: Evil, Destructive Experience, and Psychotherapy (2013). Held is the 2012 recipient of the American Psychological Foundation's Joseph B. Gittler Award, which recognizes significant scholarly contribution to the philosophical foundations of psychological knowledge. She is the author of numerous scholarly articles and chapters and has served on the editorial boards of several journals, including Theory and Psychology and the Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology. Held also served as the 2008-9 president of the Society for Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology of the American Psychological Association, of which she is a Fellow. Trained as a clinical psychologist, she practiced therapy for fifteen years. She has received extensive national and worldwide media attention, including features in the New York Times, People magazine, and Smithsonian Magazine, as well as appearances on NBC's Today show, ABC's World News, National Public Radio's Talk of the Nation and All Things Considered, the BBC, and the CBC.al Psychology. Held also served as the 2008-9 president of the Society for Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology of the American Psychological Association, of which she is a Fellow. Trained as a clinical psychologist, she practiced therapy for fifteen years. She has received extensive national and worldwide media attention, including features in the New York Times, People magazine, and Smithsonian Magazine, as well as appearances on NBC's Today show, ABC's World News, National Public Radio's Talk of the Nation and All Things Considered, the BBC, and the CBC.

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