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abacus abutment adopted aisles Amiens angle apse architects architecture archivolts arrangement Beauvais building buttress capital carry Cathedral Cathedral of Beauvais centimetres centre chancel chapels choir church civil column composed construction constructors corbels cradle-vaults curve Dame diagonal arches diameter Dijon edifices equilibrium erect exterior extrados facing Figure filling filling-stones flying-buttresses France gable gallery give Gothic architecture Gothic builders groined vault horizontal projection horizontal section Ile-de-France impost interior intersection intrados lintel masonry materials means mediaeval ment method metres Middle Ages monuments mortar nave necessary oblique obtain open-work outer piers pillars pointed arch points of support pressure principle resistance result rigid Romanesque Romanesque builders roof semicircle semicircular arch skew-backs solid story stratum structure surface thick thirteenth century thrust tion to-day transverse arches triforium twelfth century upper Urbain vertical voussoirs wall-arches walls weight wished
Page 290 - Renaissance in the end of the twelfth and the beginning of the thirteenth century...
Page 355 - Europe down to the end of the fourteenth century and the beginning of the fifteenth.
Page 2 - The methods of the constructor must necessarily vary according to the nature of the materials, the means at his disposal, the requirements which he must satisfy, and the civilization in the midst of which he is placed.
Page 194 - ... buildings and I would not guarantee that they would not sooner have arrived at results more judicious and more logical than those obtained in our time, for they would have taken that substance frankly for what it is, profiting by all the advantages that it presents and without trying to give it other forms than those appropriate to it.
Page 229 - Part of this edifice fell down less than a century after the completion of the choir ; and yet it was designed in such a way as to enable it to stand for centuries. This disaster, which has completely altered its character, was due to...
Page 292 - C are exterior openings communicating by a ihroat with the air inlets intended to give a vigorous draft to the fire built on an elevated grate and to establish a sufficient current of air to carry away the smoke into the central flue.
Page 316 - The architecture and the construction of the Middle Ages cannot be separated, for that architecture is nothing else than a form commanded by that very construction. There is not a member, however minute it be...