Raumplan Versus Plan Libre: Adolf Loos, Le Corbusier
Comparisons between Loos and Le Corbusier greatly illuminate the special qualities of each of these two magisterial architects. In the work of both architects there is creative tension between two paradigms: on the one hand, their work is concerned with the autonomy of architectural means, and on the other, each architect tries to locate his work in a context. These contexts frequently overlap. To Loos, the starting departure is traditional craftsmanship, the task being socially determined. In Le Corbusier's case, the division of labor between design and realization forms the core of architectural process. The assignment and means of realizing it are formulated in terms of new technologies. This revised and updated edition looks anew at the respective merits of two giants of modern architecture. As well as featuring writings by the architects themselves, the book illustrates the evolution of the work of Loos and Le Corbusier, with detailed reference to their domestic projects, ranging from the Strasser House (1919) to the Last House (1932), and from Maison Domino (1915) to Villa Savoye (1932). With excellent overviews and analyses, this book offers insight into the motivations of these two architects, so near yet so far away.
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Adolf Loos archi architect architecture axis Axonometric projection Bauhaus bedrooms building ceiling Citrohan House classical elements cloakroom colour column construction contrast Corbusier Corbusier’s deﬁned deﬁnition design process dining room Doesburg Domino frame door double-height drawings elements entrance exterior façade ﬁgure ﬁnd ﬁrst ﬂoor free façade free plan front function inﬂuence inside interior Jeanneret Josephine Baker Jugendstil L’Esprit Nouveau La Chaux-de-Fonds Le Corbusier living area living level living room look Loos’s Maison Citrohan Maison Cook material Max Risselada metres modern Moller House music room objects Oeuvre complète Ozenfant painted Paris pattern photographs Pierre Jeanneret polychromy Principle of Cladding programme Raumplan realized reﬂection relationship roof garden Rufer House Salon d’Automne second ﬂoor side signiﬁcance space spatial speciﬁc staircase stairs storey Strasser House surface tecture terrace Theo van Doesburg tion traditional Tzara House vertical Vienna Villa Baizeau Villa Savoye Villa Stein-de Monzie wall window