Re-Thinking Reason: New Perspectives in Critical Thinking

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Kerry S. Walters
SUNY Press, 1994 - Education - 265 pages
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For two decades, colleges and universities have regularly offered, and in some cases required, courses in thinking skills. Such courses generally have focused on training students in the basics of informal and formal logic, the assumption being that good thinking is logical thinking, and that instruction in critical or "good" thinking consequently should emphasize logical procedures. This "logistic" assumption is clearly reflected in both critical thinking textbooks as well as in the professional literature.

Recently, however, the epistemic and pedagogical identification of critical thinking and logical thinking has been questioned by educators from a wide diversity of disciplines. Many of these critics argue that a richer, more comprehensive model of thinking itself is needed, one that acknowledges the importance of traditionally downplayed faculties such as empathy, imagination, and insight. Others contend that thinking skills theory and pedagogy must take into consideration the contextual and sometimes political influences upon not just content but also styles of thinking. finally still other critics of the conventional model of critical thinking argue that recent research in feminist studies sheds a great deal of light upon the directions in which critical thinking instruction should go.

The fourteen essays in this anthology all illustrate this new way of thinking about critical thinking. Each of them is critical of the received model, and each of them argues for one that goes beyond the conventional reduction of thinking skills to logical expertise. But each approaches the issue from a different angle, thereby providing the reader with a diversity of perspectives and accents.

Re-Thinking Reason is an invaluable resource tool, research guide, and supplemental textbook, for educators across the disciplines who are concerned with incorporating thinking skills instruction in their classes.
 

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Contents

Toward an Inclusive Model of Thinking
23
Teaching Two Kinds of Thinking by Teaching Writing Peter Elbow
25
On Critical Thinking and Connected Knowing Blythe McVicker Clinchy
33
Educating for Empathy Reason and Imagination Delores Gallo
43
Critical Thinking Rationality and the Vulcanization of Students Kerry S Walters
61
Toward a GenderSensitive Ideal of Critical Thinking A Feminist Poetic Anne M Phelan and James W Garrison
81
Critical Thinking in Context
99
Critical Thinking and the Trivial Pursuit Theory of Knowledge John E McPeck
101
Critical Thinking and Feminism Karen JWarren
155
Critical Thinking and Emancipation
177
Teaching Critical Thinking in the Strong Sense A Focus on SelfDeception World Views and a Dialectical Mode of Analysis Richard W Paul
181
Toward a Pedagogy of Critical Thinking Henry A Giroux
199
Teaching Intellectual Autonomy The Failure of the Critical Thinking Movement Laura Duhan Kaplan
205
Critical Thinking Beyond Reasoning Restoring Virtue to Thought Thomas H Warren
221
Is Critical Thinking a Technique or a Means of Enlightenment? Lenore Langsdorf
233
Contributors
257

Why Two Heads Are Better Than One Philosophical and Pedagogical Implications of a Social View of Critical Thinking Connie Missimer
119
Community and Neutrality in Critical Thought A Nonobjectivist View on the Conduct and Teaching of Critical Thinking Karl Hostetler
135

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About the author (1994)

Kerry S. Walters is Associate Professor in the Department of Philosophy at Gettysburg College.

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