Reaching Out to the Child: An Integrated Approach to Child Development
Oxford University Press, 2004 - Social Science - 132 pages
The future of India rests in the well-being of her children - across income group, geographical location, gender, and community. Ensuring that every child grows up in an environment conducive to her development is important for the country's overall progress and advancement. The report argues for an integrated and life cycle approach to child development and basic education of children. It finds that while India has in the last few decades made considerable progress in ensuring child survival and basic education, there is much that remains to be done. The report illustrates using quantitative and qualitative data that such major indices of the Indian child's development as maternal mortality, birthweight, immunization, nutrition level, and basic education, as also existing policy interventions for the child, compare unfavourably with other developing countries. In this context, the report develops a conceptual framework for integrated child developing using case studieson the s ta tus of children in India. It links the optimum delivery of services with an analysis of public expenditure on elementary education. It takes a holistic and multi-sectoral approach to child development focusing on the 'total child', in the real life context of family, community, and existing social systems. The report also prescribes specific guidelines to operationalize an integrated approach for ensuring the successful completion of universal primary education - the best indicator of all-round development of the Indian child. Conceptualized and written by eminent early childhood development experts in consultation with noted Indian professionals, this report is essential for social scientists, scholars and researchers in the field of child development and childhood studies, educationists, policy-planners, and activists.
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Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan
The Conceptual Framework Towards an Integrated Approach
The Real Picture The Status of the Indian Child
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age group allocations Andhra Pradesh anemia anganwadi approach areas attendance Bihar budget centers completion of primary component conceptual framework context convergence coverage creches decentralized development continuum diarrhea districts DPEP early childhood ECCE elementary education enrollment ensure environment expenditure factors Figure Five-Year Plan funds gender girls health and nutrition holistic ICDS program immunization impact implementation improved increase Indian child indicators inputs Integrated Child Development interventions Karnataka Kerala learning levels Madhya Pradesh malnutrition monitoring mothers multi-sectoral needs Nutrition adequacy nutrition and education nutrition and health nutritional security outcomes overall particularly percent planning for children poor pre-school primary education primary school priority psychosocial Rajasthan responsibility rural safe water sanitation Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan schemes service delivery significant social sector stage sub-stage Tamil Nadu targeting teachers Tenth Five-Year Plan urban Uttar Pradesh weight for age women World Bank