Reactions to Depictions of Intergroup Similarity and Distinctiveness Among Liberals and Conservatives
Reactions to an intergroup distinctiveness manipulation and a potential mechanism of intergroup boundary maintenance between liberals and conservatives were investigated. In Study 1, self-identified liberals and conservatives (N = 121) read an ostensible newspaper article depicting either high or low levels of distinctiveness between their groups on political issues and responded to items assessing the consistency of the encountered article with held views and attitudes towards the article's content. Participants' level of identification with their political orientation category moderated the relationship between distinctiveness and reported consistency. Study 2 (N = 152) tested whether threatened intergroup distinctiveness by way of the distinctiveness manipulation would lead to selective exposure to more extreme outgroup sources. No support for this mechanism of boundary reassertion was found. However, strength of preference for the chosen clip and a measure of openness to experience were each positively related to the odds of selecting an extreme versus a moderate outgroup source to view.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Article Content binomial tests chose the extreme chose the moderate clip selection cognitive dissonance Descriptive Statistics distinctiveness threat examine expected exposure to extreme Extreme Clip Choice extreme outgroup members extreme outgroup sources group members high distinctiveness condition high identifiers ID Strength identification strength identification with one’s ideological groups ingroup and outgroup Intercorrelations Between Study intergroup boundaries intergroup distinctiveness condition intergroup distinctiveness manipulation intergroup similarity items assessing Jetten large intergroup differences levels of bias liberal or conservative liberals and conservatives Logistic Regression low distinctiveness condition low identifiers low intergroup distinctiveness maintain manipulated high distinctiveness measure of openness meta-contrast moderate clip moderate outgroup odds of choosing one’s political orientation openness to experience participants chose Pew Research Center political groups political orientation category Political Orientation Check political orientation group political orientation liberal political perspective liberal Regression Analysis relevant outgroup saturated model selective exposure share my political Strength of Preference Study Variables superordinate