Reading Jewish Women: Marginality and Modernization in Nineteenth-century Eastern European Jewish Society
In this extraordinary volume, Iris Parush opens up the hitherto unexamined world of literate Jewish women, their reading habits, and their role in the cultural modernization of Eastern European Jewish society in the nineteenth century. Parush makes a paradoxical claim: she argues that because Jewish women were marginalized and neglected by rabbinical authorities who regarded men as the bearers of religious learning, they were free to read secular literature in German, Yiddish, Polish, and Russian. As a result of their exposure to a wealth of literature, these reading women became significant conduits for Haskalah (Enlightenment) ideas and ideals within the Jewish community.
This deceptively simple thesis dramatically challenges and revamps both scholarly and popular notions of Jewish life and learning in nineteenth-century Eastern Europe. While scholars of European women's history have been transforming and complicating ideas about the historical roles of middle-class women for some time, Parush is among the first scholars to work exclusively in Jewish territory. The book will be a very welcome introduction to many facets of modern Jewish cultural history particularly the role of women which have too long been ignored.
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Introduction Reading Women and the Spirit of Jewish Enlightenment
Language Literacy and Literature as the Battleground of Haredim and Maskilim
Gender Roles and Womens Window of Opportunity
Gender Differences in the Traditional Educational System
The Secular Education of Women
The ReadingBiography of Men
Women Who Read Yiddish
Women Who Read European Languages
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Abramovitch Ahad Ha'am Aunt Itke authors Autobiography Aviv began Bialik Bialik Institute Buki Ben Yogli Childhood Collected Writings critics cultural daughters describes diglossia Dik's enlightenment example eyes father foreign languages Frishman gender Gintzburg Gottlober grammar Gymnasia Hacohen haredim hasidic Haskalah Haskalah literature Hayim heart Hebrew language Hebrew literature heder History Ibid Israel Jerusalem Jewish girls Jewish society Jews Kovner Krieze Laaz learned letter Lilienblum literacy male marriage maskilic maskilim Mendele Mordechai Ben Hillel mother nineteenth century novels Papirna Parush Peretz poem Rabbi Rakovsky reading women reading-biographies reading-stories religious role Russian Sadan scholars schools for girls secular education secular schools Shaikevitch Shmuel Sholem Aleichem Shomer Smolenskin social society's spirit Stampfer story Talmud Tchernowitz Tel Aviv tells texts tion tkhines Torah Torah study traditional society translation Tseina Ur'eina Tsitron tutor Wengeroff woman women readers Yaakov YaLaG Yehuda Leib yeshiva Yiddish literature Yosef young Zaltzman
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Enforced Marginality: Jewish Narratives on Abandoned Wives
Limited preview - 2007