Real-Time and Deliberative Decision Making: Application to Emerging Stressors
Springer, Oct 22, 2008 - Business & Economics - 456 pages
Decision-making tools are needed to support environmental management in an increasingly global economy. Addressing threats and identifying actions to mitigate those threats necessitates an understanding of the basic risk assessment paradigm and the tools of risk analysis to assess, interpret, and communicate risks. It also requires modification of the risk paradigm itself to incorporate a complex array of quantitative and qualitative information that shapes the unique political and ecological challenges of different countries and regions around the world. This book builds a foundation to characterize and assess a broad range of human and ecological stressors, and risk management approaches to address those stressors, using chemical risk assessment methods and multi-criteria decision analysis tools. Chapters discuss the current state-of-knowledge with regard to emerging stressors and risk management, focusing on the adequacy of available systematic, quantitative tools to guide vulnerability and threat assessments, evaluate the consequences of different events and responses, and support decision-making. This book opens a dialogue on aspects of risk assessment and decision analysis that apply to real-time (immediate) and deliberative (long-term) risk management processes.
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A Synopsis of Immediate and Deliberate
Federal Decision Making for Homeland
Group InformationSeeking Behavior
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action adaptive management alternatives application approach Baltic Sea benefits CERP chemical complex constraints contaminated cost criteria criterion damage decision analysis decision makers Deliberative Decision distribution dredging ecological economic ecosystem effects environment environmental risk environmental security EPT taxa evaluation experts exposure Figure flood framework function goals groundwater groups Hackensack River homeland security human health identified impact implementation imprecise Imprecise Probabilities increase influence diagram integrated International IRGC Lahdelma Linkov loss MCDA measures ment methods monitoring multicriteria multiple nanomaterials nanotechnology objectives Operational Research optimal options planning Population Risk potential precautionary principle preferences probability problem radionuclide rank acceptability indices Real-Time and Deliberative reduce regulatory remedy response risk assessment risk management River scale scenarios sediment simulation SMAA SMAA-O social Soderangsmossen stakeholders stochastic strategies stressors threat tion toxic U.S. Army U.S. EPA uncertainty wastewater weights