Real World Justice: Grounds, Principles, Human Rights, and Social Institutions

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Springer Science & Business Media, Jun 8, 2005 - Law - 408 pages
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The concept of global justice makes visible how we citizens of affluent countries are potentially implicated in the horrors so many must endure in the so-called less developed countries.

Distinct conceptions of global justice differ in their specific criteria of global justice. However, they agree that the touchstone is how well our global institutional order is doing, compared to its feasible alternatives, in regard to the fundamental human interests that matter from a moral point of view.

We are responsible for global regimes such as the global trading system and the rules governing military interventions. These institutional arrangements affect human beings worldwide, for instance by shaping the options and incentives of governments and corporations. Alternative paths of globalization would have differed in how much violence, oppression, and extreme poverty they engender. And global institutional reforms could greatly enhance human rights fullfillment in the future.

The importance of this global justice approach reaches well beyond philosophy. It enables ordinary citizens to understand their options and responsibility for global institutional factors, and it challenges social scientists to address the causes of poverty and hunger that act across borders.

The present volume addresses four main topics regarding global justice: The normative grounds for claims regarding the global institutional order, the substantive normative principles for a legitimate global order, the roles of legal human rights standards, and some institutional arrangements that may make the present world order less unjust.

All royalties from this book have been assigned to Oxfam.

 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Poverty and Global Justice Some Challenges Ahead
21
Justice Morality and Power in the Global Context
27
Global Justice for Women and Intelcultural Dialogue
37
Poverty as a Human Rights Violation and the Limits of Nationalism
65
International or Global Justice? Evaluating the Cosmopolitan Approach
85
Understanding and Evaluating the Contribution Principle
103
World Poverty and Moral Responsibility
139
From Natural Law to Human Rights Some Reflections on Thomas Pogge and Global Justice
229
Deliberation or Negotiation? Remarks on the Justice of Global and Regional Human Rights Agreements
239
Human Rights and Relativism
265
The Nature of Human Rights
285
Severe Poverty as a Human Rights Violation Weak and Strong
295
The First UN Millennium Development Goal A Cause for Celebration?
317
Can Global Distributive Justice be Minimalist and Consensual? Reflections on Thomas Pogges Global Tax on Natural Resources
339
Redistributing Responsibilities The UN Global Compact with Corporations
359

The Principle of Subsidiarity
157
Its the Power Stupid On the Unmentioned Precondition of Social Justice
171
Egalitarian Global Distributive Justice or Minimal Standard? Pogges Position
199
Responsibility and International Distributive Justice
215
About the Authors
381
References
385
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