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14th amendment according action adopted American apportioned apportionment approved areas assembly balance basic basis believe bicameral body California Chairman citizens Colorado committee concerned Congress consideration considered constitutional amendment convention course decision determine districts effect election equal example fact factors Federal Federal courts feel give given going Governor groups important interests issue judicial Justice least legislative legislature limited majority matter means ment Michigan minority opinion passed percent permit person political population possible present principle problem proposed protection question reapportion reapportionment reason record referendum referred representation representative resolution result Reynolds rule rural S.J. Res Senator Bayh Senator HRUSKA situation statement subcommittee submitted suggest Supreme Court Thank thing thought tion United urban vote voters York
Page 523 - But the most common and durable source of factions, has been the various and unequal distribution of property. Those who hold, and those who are without property, have ever formed distinct interests in society.
Page 71 - The legislatures of those districts, or new States, shall never interfere with the primary disposal of the soil by the United States, in Congress assembled, nor with any regulations Congress may find necessary for securing the title in such soil to the bonafide purchasers.
Page 71 - As soon as a legislature shall be formed in the district, the council and house assembled, in one room, shall have authority, by joint ballot, to elect a delegate to congress, who shall have a seat in congress, with a right of debating, but not of voting during this temporary government.
Page 71 - The taxes for paying that proportion shall be laid and levied by the authority and direction of the Legislatures of the several States within the time agreed upon by the United States in Congress assembled.
Page 71 - Religion, morality, and knowledge, being necessary to good government and the happiness of mankind, schools and the means of education shall forever be encouraged. The utmost good faith shall always be observed towards the Indians ; their lands and property shall never be taken from them without their consent...
Page 71 - The inhabitants of the said territory, shall always be entitled to the benefits of the writ of habeas corpus, and of the trial by jury; of a proportionate representation of the people in the legislature, and of judicial proceedings according to the course of the common law.
Page 301 - Simply stated, an individual's right to vote for state legislators is unconstitutionally impaired when its weight is in a substantial fashion diluted when compared with votes of citizens living in other parts of the State. Since, under neither the existing apportionment provisions nor either of the proposed plans was either of the houses of the Alabama Legislature apportioned on a population basis...
Page 61 - In considering this question, then, we must never forget that it is a constitution we are expounding.
Page 19 - It is one of the happy incidents of the federal system that a single courageous State may, if its citizens choose, serve as a laboratory; and try novel social and economic experiments without risk to the rest of the country.