Reason and Authority in the Eighteenth Century
Originally published in 1964, this book examines the influence of reason and authority upon English thought in the eighteenth century. The text relates these two concepts to movements in religious and political thought, beginning with Locke's views on faith and reason before going through various areas and finishing with the beginnings of Romanticism. The age of the Enlightenment is seen as constituted, on the one hand, by an attempt to relate all significant intellectual movements to reason and, on the other, an attempt to devise proper restraints on the authority of reason. This book will be of value to anyone with an interest in philosophy, social and political thought, and eighteenth-century English history.
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THE AUTHORITY OF REASON CONFIRMED
THE AUTHORITY OF REASON INDEPENDENT
THE RETORT TO REASONLAW BERKELEY
SCEPTICISM AND ITS CHALLENGE
THE AUTHORITY OF A REVITALISED FAITH
THE AUTHORITY OF THE STATE AND
THE APPEAL TO THE AUTHORITY OF SCIENCE
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accepted Age of Reason appeal argument Arianism atheism Atterbury authority believed Berkeley Bishop Bishop Gibson Burke Butler Christ Christianity Church of England civil claimed Clarke clergy Collins concerned conﬁdence conﬁrmed consequence contemporaries controversy Convocation Conyers Middleton debate Defence deﬁned Deism Deists Discourse dissenters divine doctrine ecclesiastical edition Edward Gibbon eighteenth century enquiry Erastianism Essay established ethics experience faith ﬁnd ﬁrst freedom Gibbon God’s Godwin Gospel Hartley History Hoadly human Hume Hume’s Ibid ideas inﬂuence insisted intellectual Latitudinarians Letters liberty Locke Locke’s man’s mind miracles moral Natural and Revealed natural religion Newton nonconformists outlook philosophical political position Priestley principles problems prophecy proved rational reason Reﬂections reform religious Revealed Religion revelation Samuel Clarke satisﬁed scepticism scientiﬁc Scripture sense Sermons Sherlock society Socinianism spirit Sykes Test Acts theological theory things thought Tindal tion true truth views virtue Warburton Wesley Whiston