Reasoning with Diagrams: Decision-Making and Problem-Solving with Diagrams

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John Wiley & Sons, Nov 19, 2009 - Computers - 320 pages
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Pioneering work shows how using Diagrams facilitates the design of better AI systems

The publication of Diagrammatic Reasoning in AI marks an important milestone for anyone seeking to design graphical user interfaces to support decision-making and problem-solving tasks. The author expertly demonstrates how diagrammatic representations can simplify our interaction with increasingly complex information technologies and computer-based information systems. In particular, the book emphasizes how diagrammatic user interfaces can help us better understand and visualize artificial intelligence (AI) systems. It examines how diagrammatic reasoning enhances various AI programming strategies used to emulate human thinking and problem-solving, including:

  • Expert systems
  • Model-based reasoning
  • Inexact reasoning such as certainty factors and Bayesian networks
  • Logic reasoning

A key part of the book is its extensive development of applications and graphical illustrations, drawing on such fields as the physical sciences, macroeconomics, finance, business logistics management, and medicine. Despite such tremendous diversity of usage, in terms of applications and diagramming notations, the book classifies and organizes diagrams around six major themes: system topology; sequence and flow; hierarchy and classification; association; cause and effect; and logic reasoning. Readers will benefit from the author's discussion of how diagrams can be more than just a static picture or representation and how diagrams can be a central part of an intelligent user interface, meant to be manipulated and modified, and in some cases, utilized to infer solutions to difficult problems.

This book is ideal for many different types of readers: practitioners and researchers in AI and human-computer interaction; business and computing professionals; graphic designers and designers of graphical user interfaces; and just about anyone interested in understanding the power of diagrams. By discovering the many different types of diagrams and their applications in AI, all readers will gain a deeper appreciation of diagrammatic reasoning.

 

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Contents

CONTENTS
v
PREFACE
vii
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION WORKING AROUND THE LIMITATIONS OF AI
1
CHAPTER 2 MENTAL MODELS DIAGRAMS IN THE MINDS EYE
23
CHAPTER 3 TYPES OF DIAGRAMS
57
CHAPTER 4 LOGIC REASONING WITH DIAGRAMS
108
CHAPTER 5 RULEBASED EXPERT SYSTEMS
143
CHAPTER 6 RULEBASED REASONING WITH DIAGRAMS
188
CHAPTER 7 MODELBASED REASONING
228
CHAPTER 8 INEXACT REASONING WITH CERTAINTY FACTORS AND BAYESIAN NETWORKS
264
CHAPTER 9 A FRAMEWORK FOR UNDERSTANDING DIAGRAMMATIC REASONING
302
INDEX
321
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About the author (2009)

Robbie T. Nakatsu, PhD, is Associate Professor in the Department of Finance and Computer Information Systems at Loyola Marymount University. Dr. Nakatsu's research interests center on intelligent user interfaces, computer simulation modeling, and the management of information technology.

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