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RECOGNITION AND ASSESSMENT
CONTROL OF PAIN
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Acetylpromazine activity acute stress adaptive administration agents agonists alleviation analgesia analgesic anesthesia anesthetic animal's assessment Barbiturates benzodiazepines Butorphanol cage captive animals captive environment cardiovascular cats cause Cervical dislocation changes Chapter chronic clinical conspecifics decapitation depression depth of anesthesia diazepam distress in laboratory dogs dorsal horn dose drugs Dubner effects environmental euthanasia euthanatized experience experimental feeding fentanyl Flecknell guinea pigs Harvey and Walberg horses humans immobilization increase induced inhalational interaction intravenous ketamine laboratory animals maladaptive behaviors Meperidine methods mg/kg minimize morphine muscle naloxone National Academy neurons nociceptive nociceptors nonhuman primates normal noxious NSAIDs opioid Oxymorphone pain and distress pain or distress Pentazocine pharmacologic phenothiazines Phenylbutazone physiologic potential primates produce Promazine rabbits rats receptors recommended reflexes respiratory response restraint rodents sedation signs social sodium pentobarbital Soma species species-typical stimuli stress and distress stress or distress stressors studies Stunning surgery surgical procedures tissue tranquilizers vocalization well-being Xylazine