Reconceiving Decision-Making in Democratic Politics: Attention, Choice, and Public Policy
University of Chicago Press, 1994 - 277 стор.
Most models of political decision-making maintain that individual preferences remain relatively constant. Why, then, are there often sudden abrupt changes in public opinion on political issues? Or total reversals by politicians on specific issues? Bryan D. Jones answers these questions by innovatively connecting insights from cognitive science and rational choice theory to political life.
Individuals and political systems alike, Jones argues, tend to be attentive to only one issue at a time. Using numerous examples from elections, public opinion polls, congressional deliberations, and of bureaucratic decision-making, he shows how shifting attentiveness can and does alter choices and political outcomes—even when underlying preferences remain relatively fixed. An individual, for example, may initially decide to vote for a candidate because of her stand on spending but change his vote when he learns of her position on abortion, never really balancing the two options.
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The Paradox of Temporal Political Choice
underlying dimensions of evaluation
focuses on one dimension of evaluation
The Paradox of Issue Evolution
Political Choice and Democratic Governance
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activities affect agenda alternatives approach attention shifts attributes Baumgartner and Jones behavior bounded rationality candidates chapter choice dimension choice situation citizens coalitions cognitive committees complex Congress congressional context decision decision-making decisional defense democracy democratic destabilizing dimensions of conflict dimensions of evaluation domains dynamic economic electoral emergence ences environment evaluative dimensions factor fitness function focus Gary Becker goals groups Hence Herbert Simon ideal point imply important indifference curves individual institutions interest keywords legislators limited number major marginalist mass preferences mass public maximization mension Nash equilibrium negative feedback occur outcomes participants parties path dependency pluralist policy process policy subsystems policymaking political scientists political system prisoner's dilemma prisoners dilemma problem relevant Republicans role salience selection selective attention Senate serial processing serial shift shifts in attentiveness Simon sions spatial spending stable Stigler-Becker strategies structure studies supercollider tend tion tive trade-offs underlying utility function V. O. Key variable voters voting
American Business and Political Power: Public Opinion, Elections, and Democracy
Mark A. Smith
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