Recycling Land: Understanding the Legal Landscape of Brownfield Development
Older--and often economically depressed--industrial cities generally have a number of well located but abandoned industrial sites. Too frequently these sites are heavily polluted by the residue of toxic wastes dumped when old factories were still in use. These "brownfield" sites must be cleaned up under existing law before they can be redeveloped. And yet the question of who will bear the cost of this cleanup frequently stymies efforts to return these sites to productive use. A complicated net of federal, state and local regulations can involve several generations of owners in potential liability for the cleanup, frequently resulting only in extended litigation, not often in the cleanup of the site. In this book, Elizabeth Glass Geltman surveys the laws on both the federal and state level with regard to the cleanup of brownfield sites. The author makes valuable suggestions for reforming these laws that will help encourage land reuse and the accompanying redevelopment of the industrial base of many American cities both large and small.
Elizabeth Glass Geltman is Professor of Law, George Washington University Law School and is the author of many books on environmental law, including Modern Environmental Law: Policy and Practice.
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What Is a Brownfield?
The Unanticipated Effects of Environmental Law
State Statutes Designed to Aid Brownfields Redevelopment
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activities agency agreement amended applicant approved areas assessment brownfields pilots brownfields redevelopment brownfields sites Certificate of Completion clean cleanup costs cleanup plan cleanup standards Code Ann Collaton compliance consent order contaminated property court Covenant deed defined disclosure disposal economic ECRA eligible enacted enforcement environment environmental laws environmental lien equivalent of CERCLA estate or trust federal fiduciary fund groundwater hazardous materials hazardous substance hazardous waste Illinois EPA incentives industrial issued lease legislation lender liability liability protection loan Massachusetts ment municipal notice oversight owner or operator ownership participation person petroleum pollution potential prospective purchasers PRPs pursuant RCRA real property recorded regulations release or threat remedial action reuse risk secured lender Stakeholder Laws Stat statute Superfund Supp threat of release threatened release tion transfer U.S. EPA underground storage tank Voluntary Cleanup Program voluntary remediation Waste Management