"Red Books" of the British Fire Prevention Committee ..., Volumes 40-49

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H.M. Stationery Office, 1900
 

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Page 50 - The British Fire Prevention Committee was founded in 1897, incorporated in 1899, its objects are : To direct attention to the urgent need for increased protection of life and property from fire by the adoption of preventive measures. To use its influence in every direction towards minimizing the possibilities and dangers of fire. To bring together those scientifically interested in the subject of Fire Prevention. To arrange periodical meetings for the discussion of practical questions bearing on...
Page 52 - The general arrangements and direction of the tests are in the hands of the Executive of the British Fire Prevention Committee, who act in accordance with certain principles laid down after careful study and experiment. The official tests are attended by the members of the Council and the members of the Committee in rotation.
Page 52 - ... or fire extinguishing appliances. The tests are of an entirely independent character, arranged on scientific lines, but without losing sight of the practical purpose in view. Absolute reliability is assured, records being mostly taken automatically or by photography. All reports on tests state bare facts and occurrences with tables, diagrams and illustrations, and on no account are reports to be taken as including...
Page 12 - ... scenery, followed within two or three minutes by an outpouring of suffocating smoke through the proscenium arch into the top of the auditorium, before those in the balconies and galleries could escape. In this way many people in the galleries lost their lives by burning, suffocation due to heat, smoke, fire gases, by shock or fright, and by the crush or jam of the panic in which many were trampled to death ; most of this happening within five minutes of the first flame.
Page 15 - In other words, the audience in the parquet, balcony, and gallery should each be decentralised as much as possible. The exit passages from different sections should, under no circumstances whatever, cross each other, meet, or be combined ; each sub-division should have, at least, two entirely separate and independent exits leading to the open air; in large buildings a greater number even may be required. The spectators occupying gallery seats have the farthest to travel, and should therefore have...

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