Rediscovering Eve: Ancient Israelite Women in Context
This groundbreaking study looks beyond biblical texts, which have had a powerful influence over our views of women's roles and worth, in order to reconstruct the typical everyday lives of women in ancient Israel. Carol Meyers argues that biblical sources alone do not give a true picture of ancient Israelite women because urban elite males wrote the vast majority of the scriptural texts. Also, the stories of women in the Bible concern exceptional individuals rather than ordinary Israelite women. Drawing on archaeological discoveries and ethnographic information as well as biblical texts, Meyers depicts Israelite women not as submissive chattel in an oppressive patriarchy, but rather as strong and significant actors within their families and in their communities. In so doing, she challenges the very notion of patriarchy as an appropriate designation for Israelite society.
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Adam agrarian agricultural ancient Israel androcentric anthropological anthropologists archaeological artifacts aspects biblical antiquity biblical scholars biblical studies biblical texts childbirth Christian clan considered context Covenant Code crops cultural Deut discussed dominant dynamics economic elite especially ethnographic ethnographic data etiological Everywoman Eve example Exod feasts female feminism feminist biblical festivals function gender gender archaeology Genesis 2–3 grain Greek Hebrew Bible heterarchy hierarchies highlands household religious human important indicates interpretive Iron Age Israelite agrarians Israelite households Israelite society Israelite women Jerusalem Jewish labor land maintenance activities male means Mediterranean mentioned Meyers Moreover mother narrative noun NRSV nuclear family Palestinian patriarchy peasant Pentateuch perhaps political postbiblical pregnancy premodern probably problematic problems produced relationships religion reproduction ritual Septuagint settlements sexual Similarly sometimes story tale tasks term today’s traditional societies translations typically verse village Vulgate woman women’s lives women’s roles Yahweh