Rediscovering the Umma: Muslims in the Balkans Between Nationalism and Transnationalism
In Rediscovering the Umma, Ina Merdjanova discusses the conditions and role of Islam in relation to post-Ottoman nation-building, the communist period, and post-communist developments in the Balkans, focusing in particular on the remarkable transformations experienced by Muslim communities after the end of the Cold War. Amidst multiple structural and cultural transitions, they sought to renegotiate their place and reclaim their Islamic identities in formally secular legal and normative environments, mostly as minorities in majority-Christian societies.
The rising political and cultural self-awareness of Muslims in Southeast Europe was frequently expressed by recourse to two frames of reference: the national and the transnational. Despite a certain level of tension between those two perspectives, they were closely intertwined. Moreover, transnational Islamic influences often reinforced Muslim ethnonational identities rather than prompting a radical redefinition of religious allegiances in the key of a "universalist" Islam.
Merdjanova explores the transformations of Muslim identities in the region under the influence of national and transnational, domestic and global factors, while also looking at the historical legacies that inform present complexities. Furthermore, she examines the evolving status and roles of Muslim women both in their religious communities and in the larger societies. The book challenges representations of Islam and Muslims as alien to Europe, which overlook the fact that Europe has considerable indigenous Muslim populations in its southeastern part as well as societies that have developed certain models of negotiating cultural differences.
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1 Islam and National Identities in the Balkans
2 Muslim Transnationalism and the Reclaiming of Balkan Islam
3 Islam and Women in the Balkans
4 Balkan Muslims and the Discourse on a European Islam
Divergent Trajectories of Islam in the Balkans
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Rediscovering the Umma: Muslims in the Balkans Between Nationalism and ...
Limited preview - 2016
Rediscovering the Umma: Muslims in the Balkans between Nationalism and ...
Limited preview - 2013
accessed According Albanian Alibasic Alija Izetbegovic Arab Balkan Muslims Bektashi Bosnia Bosnia—Herzegovina Bosnian Muslims Bulgaria Bulgarian Muslims chief mufti Christian conﬂict context countries cultural debates deﬁned discourses Eickelman Eric Germain ethnic European Islam European Muslims ﬁrst gender Ghodsee global Ibid ideological imams Ina Merdjanova inﬂuence institutions International Islam in Europe Islam in Inter—War Islamic Community Jorgen Nielsen Karcic Kosovo Macedonia medresa Merdjanova and Patrice mosques Muslim communities Muslim identity Muslim minorities Muslim populations Muslim women Muslims in Europe Mustafa Ceric Nathalie Clayer nation—building national identity non—Muslim ofﬁcial organizations Orthodox Ottoman Empire Ottoman Legacy Oxford particularly Patrice Brodeur percent policies political Pomaks post—communist practices public space public sphere radical re’is region Religion et nation role Sarajevo schools secular Serbia Serbs Shari’a signiﬁcant social societies Soﬁa speciﬁc tion Todorova traditional transnational Turkey Turkey’s Turks Turks in Bulgaria umma University Press various Western Europe Xavier Bougarel Yugoslav Yugoslavia