Rediscovering the democratic purposes of education
Lorraine McDonnell, P. Michael Timpane, Roger W. Benjamin
University Press of Kansas, 2000 - Education - 280 pages
Why do America's public schools seem unable to meet today's social challenges? As competing interest groups vie over issues like funding and curricula, we seem to have lost sight of the democratic purposes originally intended for public education.Public schools were envisioned by the Founders as democratically run institutions for instilling civic values, but today's education system seems more concerned with producing good employees than good citizens. Meanwhile, our country's diversity has eroded consensus about citizenship, and the professionalization of educators has diminished public involvement in schools.This volume seeks to demonstrate that the democratic purposes of education are not outmoded ideas but can continue to be driving forces in public education. Nine original articles by some of today's leading education theorists cut a broad swath across the political spectrum to examine how those democratic purposes might be redefined and revived. It both establishes the intellectual foundation for revitalizing American schools and offers concrete ideas for how the educational process can be made more democratic.The authors make a case for better empirical research about the politics of education in order to both reconnect schools to their communities and help educators instill citizenship. An initial series of articles reexamines the original premise of American education as articulated by important thinkers like Jefferson and Dewey. A second group identifies flaws in how schools are currently governed and offers models for change. A final section analyzes the value conflicts posed by the twin strands of democratic socialization and governance, and their implications foreducation policy.Spanning philosophy, history, sociology, and political science, this book brings together the best current thinking about the specifics of education policy -- vouchers, charter schools, national testing -
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Agenda Amy Gutmann arena argue authority basic behavior bureaucratic Cambridge Chicago choice citizen identities civic education civic engagement constitutional context critical cultural curriculum decentralized decision deliberation deliberative Deliberative Democracy democracy democratic control democratic purposes desegregation develop disagreements economic educa education politics emphasis exchange focus Founders Franklin G. P. Putnam's Sons goals groups Harvard Harvard University immigrant individual interests issues James G Jefferson John Dewey knowledge liberal litical majority Marion Orr moral Noah Webster norms organization parents participation percent Phi Delta political economy Political Science political system politics of education practice of citizenship Princeton Princeton University procedures public education public schools purposes of education reform republican role rules Samuel Harrison Smith society structure suburban teachers teaching theory Thomas Jefferson tion tolerance ucation understanding University Press urban values voting Washington Yale University York