Reducing Oral Health Disparities: What Can We Learn from Social, Environmental and Cultural Factors?

Front Cover
Tamanna Tiwari, Sarah R. Baker, Judith Albino
Frontiers Media SA, Dec 5, 2017 - Electronic book

 Oral health disparities are profound worldwide, and they affect the quality of life of individuals of all age groups. Disparities in oral health are seen in racial and ethnic minorities, at different socioeconomic levels and due to differences in environment and cultural factors. Several determinants of oral health have been identified at the population, community, family and individual levels. These determinants represent a complex interplay of the social, biological, cultural and economic factors that in turn affect the oral health behaviors, environmental exposures, health care utilization. To date, biological factors related to oral diseases have received much attention in oral health research; whilst social and cultural determinants have just started to receive recognition for their role in oral disease development and progression. This research highlights that interventions designed to reduce disparities should adopt a multi-level approach in order to identify the modifiable mechanisms and target all determinants of oral health disparities.

In this Research Topic, we will focus on the role of social, environmental and cultural factors in the development and progression of oral diseases, their role in oral health disparities and interventions focusing on these factors to improve oral health and reduce disparities. 

 

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Contents

Reducing Oral Health Disparities Social Environmental and Cultural Factors
6
The Impact of Maternal SelfEfficacy and Oral Health Beliefs on Early Childhood Caries in Latino Children
8
The Sex and Gender Intersection in Chronic Periodontitis
18
EbinyoThe Practice of Infant Oral Mutilation in Uganda
26
Racial Disparities in Emergency Department Utilization for DentalOral HealthRelated Conditions in Maryland
29
Comparison of Orthodontic Medicaid Funding in the United States 2006 to 2015
38
Orthodontic Treatment Completion and Discontinuation in a Rural Sample from North Central Appalachia in the USA
47
Enabling and Predisposing Factors for the Utilization of Preventive Dental Health Care in Migrants and NonMigrants in Germany
53
A University Clinic Setting
60
Its Response to Social Political and Economic Influences and the Effect on Oral Health Inequalities
67
Pioneering and Interprofessional Pediatric Dentistry Programs Aimed at Reducing Oral Health Disparities
85
Interprofessional Oral Health Education Improves Knowledge Confidence and Practice for Pediatric Healthcare Providers
92
Strategies for Meaningful Engagement between CommunityBased Health Researchers and First Nations Participants
102
Building Public Will for Childrens Oral Health in Colorado
110
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