Reduction of Sex Differences in Problem Solving by Improvement of Attitude Through Group Discussion
Department of Psychology, Stanford University., 1955 - Problem solving - 43 pages
The reported investigation started with the idea that some of the sex differences in problem solving could be accounted for by differences in non-intellectual factors. The question that needed to be asked is: How well do women like to solve problems. If problem solving is an activity preferred by men and disliked by women, there exists a good possibility that sex differences in performance are actually a reflection of sex differences in attitude. As a test of this hypothesis, an attempt was made to answer some specific questions: Can a scale be constructed which will measure attitude toward problem solving; Is there a sex difference on such a scale; Is problem-solving attitude related to problem-solving performance; Will an attempt to change attitude be followed by a change in performance; Will women respond more favorably than men to an attempt to improve their attitudes.
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amoeba Analysis of Variance answer APPENDIX Aptitude and Attitude attempt to change Attitude and Performance attitude toward problem ATTITUDE-MODIFICATION EXPERIMENT behavior change in performance CHAPTER Control Groups correlations between attitude Correlations between Need-Achievement differences in attitude differences in performance differences in problem differences in problem-solving Doctor of Philosophy Experimental Groups factor analysis female Ss Form formance given in Table Groups N improvement in performance indicates less favorable attitude low aptitude male Mathematical Aptitude Mean a Mean Mean Difference Scores Means and Standard measure attitude need-achievement and attitude Occasionally post-discussion pre-discussion problem solving problem-solving performance Problem-Solving Scores Psychol psychology question related to problem-solving respond more favorably result of sex Scholastic Aptitude Test Session Second Session set of problems sex differences significantly ski poles solve problems standard deviations Stanford University Strongly agree Strongly disagree 13 Sweeney testing sessions tude types of problems Uncertain variables Verbal and Mathematical Verbal Aptitude Women 59