This book introduces the most important problems of reference and considers the solutions that have been proposed to explain them. Reference is at the centre of debate among linguists and philosophers and, as Barbara Abbott shows, this has been the case for centuries. She begins by examining the basic issue of how far reference is a two place (words-world) or a three place (speakers-words-world) relation. She then discusses the main aspects of the field and the issues associated with them, including those concerning proper names; direct reference and individual concepts; the difference between referential and quantificational descriptions; pronouns and indexicality; concepts like definiteness and strength; and noun phrases in discourse. Professor Abbott writes with exceptional verve and wit. She presupposes no technical knowledge or background and presents issues and analyses from first principles, illustrating them at every stage with well-chosen examples. Her book is addressed in the first place to advanced undergraduate and graduate students in linguistics and philosophy of language, but it will also appeal to students and practitioners in computational linguistics, cognitive psychology, and anthropology. All will welcome the clarity this guide brings to a subject that continues to challenge the leading thinkers of the age.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Other editions - View all
actual addressee ambiguity anaphoric approach argued argument Bach Barwise and Cooper believe Cambridge Carlson Chapter Clark Kent complement constant individual concept constituent conversational implicature coreferential definite descriptions demonstrative descriptions denotation descriptive content determiner donkey Donnellan’s E-type Elbourne encoded English entities example existential fact formal languages Frege function implicatures indefinite indexical intensional interpretation involved Kaplan Kripke Kripke’s Linguistics and Philosophy logical form Lois Lane look Mary meaning Mill modal Montague Montague Grammar Montague’s natural language noted noun Oxford Partee partitive phrase plural possible worlds pragmatic predicate problem pronouns proper names proposition expressed propositional attitude propositional attitude contexts propositional attitude verbs PTQ grammar quantificational NPs reading referential relation rigid designation Russell Russell’s analysis scope sense sense and reference speaker Stagira Strawson substitutivity syntactic syntax theory things true truth value uniqueness universally quantified universally quantified NPs University Press utterance variable W.V. Quine