Reflections on History

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Liberty Classics, 1979 - Literary Criticism - 353 pages
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Almost alone among nineteenth-century historians, Jacob Burckhardt saw the totalitarian direction that history could take. This book (first published in English in 1943 as Force & Freedom) is a guide to the study & comprehension of historical processes. Burckhardt makes a clear distinction between the state & the voluntary activities of society. He focuses on the nature & reciprocal interactions of the state, religion & culture. Gottfried Dietze is a Professor in the Political Science Department at Johns Hopkins University.

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The Three Powers
The Reciprocal Action of the Three Powers

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About the author (1979)

Jacob Burckhardt was born in Basel, Switzerland on May 25, 1818. He received a degree in theology in 1839 and then attended the University of Berlin to study history. He taught at the University of Basel from 1843 to 1855, then at ETH, the engineering school in Zurich. In 1858, he returned to Basel to assume the professorship he held until his 1893 retirement. He was a historian of art and culture, and is considered one of the founding fathers of art history and one of the original creators of cultural history. His first book, Die Kunstwerke der belgischen Städte, was published in 1842. His best known works are The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy and The History of the Renaissance in Italy. His other works include The Age of Constantine the Great, Judgments on History and Historians, and The Greeks and Greek Civilization. He died on August 8, 1897.

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