Refugee Protection in Europe: Lessons of the Yugoslav Crisis
This book addresses the issue of refugee protection in Europe, drawing on the approaches taken to the crisis in former Yugoslavia to find lessons for future comprehensive policies.
Suitable for academics, students, and policy-makers, this book gives a comprehensive overview of the twentieth century history of refugee protection, the relationship between protection and human rights and European integration in the asylum and immigration policy area.
The focus of the book is the development of comprehensive approaches to forced migration and particularly the emergence of temporary protection mechanisms in the European context. Four specific national measures are analyzed and a model for future EU policy is advanced. This model satisfies specified practical and theoretical requirements governing the role of protection in international relations and relations between individuals and states.
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Introduction to Part One
What is Protection?
European Handling of Protection Issues
Conclusion to Part One
Root Cause Approaches
Protective Approaches 104
The Desirable Durable Solutions
Conclusion to Part Two
Temporary Refuge in Slovenia
Temporary Residence in Austria
Exceptional Leave to Remain in the United Kingdom
Provisional Protection in the Netherlands
Conclusion to Part Three
Descriptions of two collective centres in Slovenia
Introduction to Part Three
1951 Convention application arrivals Article assistance asylum policies asylum seekers Austria Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia Herzegovina burden-sharing causes of flight Chapter collective centres comprehensive approach concerned conflict cooperation Council Council of Europe country of origin crises crisis Croatia displaced persons Dublin Convention economic established ethnic ethnic cleansing Europe European Commission European Union example fleeing forced migration former Yugoslavia Goodwin-Gill groups harmonisation High Commissioner host human rights humanitarian intervention Ibid immigration and asylum integration International Law involved issues Journal of Refugee legislation limited Loescher mass influx Member ment Ministry movement Netherlands NGOs normative offer op.cit organisations particular permit persecution political position possible potential prevent problems programme question quota Refugee Law refugee protection refugee status regional repatriation resettlement response restrictive root causes approach safe areas Schengen situation Slovenia solution sovereignty temporary protection temporary refuge territory tion UNHCR upholding western Yugoslav