Regional Varieties of British English: Scottish Standard English
GRIN Verlag, 2013 - 40 pages
Seminar paper from the year 2010 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 2,0, University of Tubingen (Englisches Seminar), course: Englisch Grammar: Phonetics, language: English, abstract: 1. Introduction It's a braw bricht muin-licht nicht the nicht. (literally: It's a beautiful bright moonlight night tonight.) Kiddingly, Scottish people love to let English people try to pronounce this sentence from Scots. For English people it is hard to pronounce the Scottish sentence since it contains the /x/-phoneme that English Standard English does not know. Therefore Scots is in the eyes of English Standard English Speakers a quite foreign language. But what happens when the two languages - English Standard English and Scots - merge and make up a new language, namely Scottish Standard English? When did the influence of English on Scots start? How much of the language heritage from Scots was imported into SSE? Which special features in phonetic, grammar and lexis can be found? What other languages influenced SSE and which so-called loanwords can still be found? This term paper will try to give answers to these questions. Therefore in (2.) will be given a definition of SSE in contrast to Scots. Then there will be given a rough overview of the historical background and development of SSE (3). Afterwards, certain differences of SSE and English Standard English in phonetic (4.1), grammar (4.2) and lexis (4.3) will be described. Then there shall be given an insight in SSE nowadays (5). 2.
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Abercrombie 71 Accents and Dialects accents of English Accents of Standard Aitken Scottish Accents Aitken's vowel Aitken‘s Law akademische Texte Anglicization auxiliary verb Boeree British English Buchmaier Regional Varieties Carls century contract the negation contrast Daniel Buchmaier Regional Dialects 98 differences between SSE differences of SSE Edinburgh England English cf English from English English Standard English English vowel system English-speaking world example features of SSE Furthermore Gaelic loan words GRIN Verlag Hansen Hughes Kirkpatrick 49 Languages of Scotland lexis of SSE Lucko 66 Lucko 77 morpheme negation particle Nevertheless past tense phoneme phonetic realization phonological rasbcrz Received Pronunciation Rhoticity Scotland cf Scots and SSE Scots cf Scots gained Scots material Scottish English Scottish Standard English special features SSE and English SSE and Scots SSE cf SSE derive SSE grammar SSE speaker Standard English GRIN Standard English speaker strong verb Stuart-Smith 47 suffix Trudgill Varieties of British Vowel length weak verb