Regionalism After Regionalisation: Spain, France and the United Kingdom
Annotation. Throughout Europe regionalist movements claim more autonomy for their region, pointing at cultural and historical distinctiveness and the demands of their populations. In some places violence is used to put pressure on the state, and in many states in Europe and elsewhere the issue of regional minorities figures prominently on political agendas. Over the last few decades many states have introduced regional governments and parliaments, often as an answer to regionalist demands with a view of making regionalist movements redundant and satisfying most of their supporters. Others have warned that this was a step towards fragmentation and even the break-up of nation states. 'Regionalism after Regionalisation' presents a response to this debate. Concentrating on three countries, Spain, France and the United Kingdom, and three regional case studies of Galicia, Brittany and Wales, this book offers an analysis of the development of political regionalism after regionalisation. It examines the ways in which regionalisation influences the institutionalisation of a region and the establishment of regional identities. It explains how the introduction of regional governments and elections alters the conditions in which claims for a regionalist project are put forward and in which ways it effects public demands for regional autonomy. This study analyses whether regionalisation is accepted as a sufficient answer to those demanding political and cultural autonomy, and how political actors from regionalist and mainstream political parties deal with new regional political institutions as opportunities to mobilise support. This title can be previewed in Google Books - http://books.google.com/books?vid=ISBN9789056294281.
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administrative Alsace Autonomía Basque Country Bloque Nacionalista Galego Bretagne Breton Breton language British Brittany campaign Cardiff Catalan Catalonia centralisation coalition Conseil Régional Conservative Constitution Corsica cultural debate decentralisation demands départements devolution elec election results electoral emergence England English Europe European existing favour federal France French Galego Galicia Galician language gional gionalist gions independence interview introduction of regional issues Labour Party large number legislative Liberal Democrats manifesto ment nationalist newspapers Núñez Seixas Occitania organisation Parliament Partido Plaid Cymru political arena political parties political regionalism popular powers PPdeG programmes PSdeG-PSOE PSOE referendum regarded regional autonomy regional elections regional government regional identities regional language regional political regionalist movements regionalist parties regionalist political relatively role Scotland Scotland and Wales Scottish social Spain Spanish state-wide parties structure symbols territorial tion translation FS Union Union Démocratique Bretonne United Kingdom votes Wales Welsh Assembly Welsh language Xunta
Page 30 - It is imagined because the members of even the smallest nation will never know most of their fellow-members, meet them or even hear of them, yet in the minds of each lives the image of their communion...
Page 35 - A nation can therefore be defined as a named human population sharing an historic territory, common myths and historical memories, a mass, public culture, a common economy and common legal rights and duties for all members.20 Such a provisional working definition reveals the complex and abstract nature of national identity.
Page 87 - The Constitution is based on the indissoluble unity of the Spanish Nation, the common and indivisible country of all Spaniards; it recognises and guarantees the right to autonomy of the nationalities and regions of which it is composed, and solidarity amongst them all.
Page 34 - Two men are of the same nation if and only if they share the same culture, where culture in turn means a system of ideas and signs and associations and ways of behaving and communicating.
Page 49 - Briefly, the doctrine holds that humanity is naturally divided into nations, that nations are known by certain characteristics which can be ascertained, and that the only legitimate type of government is national self-government.
Page 49 - Gellner defines nationalism as a theory of political legitimacy, which requires that ethnic boundaries should not cut across political ones, and in particular, that ethnic boundaries within a given state , a contingency already formally excluded by the principle in its general formulation , should not separate the power holders from the...
Page 36 - In so far as there is at all a common object lying behind the obviously ambiguous term 'nation', it is apparently located in the field of politics. One might well define the concept of nation in the following way: a nation is a community of sentiment which would adequately manifest itself in a state of its own; hence, a nation is a community which normally tends to produce a state of its own.
Page 29 - Self-consciousness exists in and for itself when, and by the fact that, it so exists for another; that is, it exists only in being acknowledged.
Page 35 - Une nation est donc une grande solidarité, constituée par le sentiment des sacrifices qu'on a faits et de ceux qu'on est disposé à faire encore. Elle suppose un passé ; elle se résume pourtant dans le présent par un fait tangible : le consentement, le désir clairement exprimé de continuer la vie commune.