Оленеводы Встречают Рынок: Культура, Отношения Собственности И Глобализация На "краю Земли
Yamal, translates as the 'end of the land' in the language of its native Nenets population. The setting of this anthropological monograph, Yamal is home to the world's largest domestic reindeer herds. The region also accounts for almost 90 extraction of huge untapped deposits is now about to transform vast expanses of tundra pastures into an industrial landscape. This book gives a valuable insight into nomadic life in the context of post-Soviet transformation at the onset of gas extraction. It meticulously analyses relations between reindeer nomads and their social, political and natural environments, as well as their engagement with the developing market economy. Their high level of social adaptability is combined with a sense of belonging to their animals and their land. This study makes an original and significant contribution to wider debates about nomadic pastoralism and to anthropological studies of trade, barter, property and territoriality. The book is also recommended to those with an interest in background information on the regions that fuel the global economy in the 21st century. It is a tale of profound breadth and depth from a little known region with a fascinating history, and it is unique study which goes beyond 'culture' to give a detailed socio-economic explanation for the exceptional resilience and continuing nomadism of the Yamal Nenets. It will be essential reading for anyone interested in northern pastoralism, the anthropology of land and movement, or the diversity of local responses to the state.
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administration agricultural analysis animals Anthropology antlers Arctic argue barter breeding brigades Brodnev camp central Yamal chapter Chukotka chum clan collectivisation deer domestic reindeer earmark economy engage environment ethnic ethnography Evenki Evladov example exchange farm fieldwork gas companies Gasprom grazing helicopter households Humphrey hunters hunting important indigenous Ingold Khanty Khariutschi kolkhoz Komi Republic land lifestyle live migration routes Moscow Nenets culture Nentsy nomadic northern Yamal obshchina Okotetto okrug one’s organisation owner ownership panty pastoralists pattern people’s Piotr population post-Soviet postsocialist practices pre-Soviet private herds private reindeer production property relations raion regime regions reindeer enterprises reindeer herders roubles Russian North Saami Sabetta Sakha Sakha Republic Salekhard Se-Iakha sedentarisation shows Siberia slaughtering sledges social Sokh Soviet Union sovkhoz sovkhoz herds sphere Stammler summer taiga tion Tokcha trade transport tundra village whereas wild reindeer Yamal Peninsula Yamal’skii Yar-Sale YNAO Yuzhakov & Mukhachev zakon tundry zemlia