Paul O'Grady clearly distinguishes five main kinds: relativism about truth, relativism about logic, ontological relativism, epistemological relativism, and, finally, relativism about rationality. In each case he shows what makes a position relativist and how it differs from a sceptical or pluralist position. He ends by presenting a thoroughly integrated position that rejects some forms while defending others. The book includes discussion of recent work by Putnam, Devitt, Searle, Priest, and Quine and offers a succinct survey of contemporary debates. This lively discussion of the issue will be welcome reading for all those involved in philosophical inquiry.
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Truth and logic
Relativism about rationality
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absolute conception accept alethic relativism alternative conceptual schemes alternative geometries analytic-synthetic distinction anti-realist argue argument articulated Azande Barnes and Bloor basic beliefs Carnap challenge Chapter claim classical logic cognitive relativism coherence conceptions of rationality connected context contradiction core cultures Davidson debate defend deny deviant logic Devitt discussion distinction diversity empirical empiricism enquiry epistemic epistemological relativism epistemology evidence example exist fact false forms of relativism framework fundamental genuine geometry Hence holds Hopi human idea incommensurability internalist intuition issues justified knowledge language games law of non-contradiction linguistic logic meaning metaphysical realism mind moral relativism notion of truth objects ontological relativism ontological relativist ontological relativity paradigm philosophers position possible principles priori problem Putnam question Quine Quine's radical reason reference reflective equilibrium rejects relativism about rationality Rorty scepticism scientific semantic sense standards Stich theories of truth things thought tion traditional translation true universal Wittgenstein
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Ethics and the Community of Inquiry: Education for Deliberative Democracy
Limited preview - 2006