Relativization in Early English (950-1250): The Position of Relative Clauses
This book is concerned with the position which relative clauses occupy with respect to the main clause in the history of English. Relative clauses have evolved from adjoined clauses placed outside the main clause to clauses closely attached to the noun they modify inside the main clause. This process of incorporation took place through a stage of topicalization in which relative clauses were dislocated to the left of the main clause, leaving a trace behind in the place where they are generated. This study is empirically founded, with data from The Helsinki Corpus of English Texts: Diachronic and Dialectal corresponding to late Old English and early Middle English. Several variables, of a linguistic and extralinguistic nature, are analyzed in order to describe the variation in the position of relative clauses in Early English.
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List of abbreviations
Relative clauses in early English
the case of relative
Results and analysis
Original Coding Schema
Accessibility Hierarchy adjoined analysis antecedent classification clause combining clause linkage clause-internal relative clauses clauses in early complement constructions degree of integration deictic relativizers dependent development of relative diachronic dialects early English embedded relative clauses English language explicit extraposed relative clauses factor group favour extraposition frequently extraposed Germanic grammaticalization Haiman/Thompson Helsinki Corpus Hock Homilies Hopper/Traugott 2003 hypotactic hypotaxis hypothesis illustrated invariable relativizers ISBN Left-dislocated linguistic LOE and EME main clause Maurizio Gotti Middle English MX/1 IR HOM non-restrictive relative clauses O'Neil occupies with respect paratactic parataxis Peterborough Chronicle pied piping position of relative preposition stranding pronominal relativizer rebracketing relative clause occupies relative clauses according relative clauses introduced relativization strategy relevant religious treatises restrictive and non-restrictive restrictive relative clauses semantically stages studies stylistic syntactic function syntax Table text type TOTAL Extraposed Traugott type of relative type of text typological US-ISBN Valin variable rule analysis variation