Religion, Reason and Nature in Early Modern Europe

Front Cover
R. Crocker
Springer Science & Business Media, Oct 31, 2001 - History - 228 pages
From a variety of perspectives, the essays presented here explore the profound interdependence of natural philosophy and rational religion in the `long seventeenth century' that begins with the burning of Bruno in 1600 and ends with the Enlightenment in the early Eighteenth century. From the writings of Grotius on natural law and natural religion, and the speculative, libertin novels of Cyrano de Bergerac, to the better-known works of Descartes, Malebranche, Cudworth, Leibniz, Boyle, Spinoza, Newton, and Locke, an increasing emphasis was placed on the rational relationship between religious doctrine, natural law, and a personal divine providence. While evidence for this intrinsic relationship was to be located in different places - in the ideas already present in the mind, in the observations and experiments of the natural philosophers, and even in the history, present experience, and prophesied future of mankind - the result enabled and shaped the broader intellectual and scientific discourses of the Enlightenment.
 

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Contents

The Regularization of Providence in PostCartesian Philosophy
1
Grotius Natural Law and Natural Religion
17
The Paradoxes of Modernity Rational Religion and Mythical Science in the Novels of Cyrano de Bergerac
41
Ralph Cudworth God Mind and Nature
61
Henry More and the Preexistence of the Soul
77
Robert Boyle The Christian Virtuoso and the Rhetoric of Reason
97
Spinoza and Boyle Rational Religion and Natural Philosophy
117
Nature Man and God in the English Enlightenment
139
Newtons Theocentric Cosmogony and Humes Cometary Seeds
159
The Image of Judaism in Seventeenth Century Europe
181
Scaling the Ladder of Being Theology and Early Theories of Evolution
199
Index
225
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