Religion in the Public Square: The Place of Religious Convictions in Political Debate
This vigorous debate between two distinguished philosophers presents two views on a topic of worldwide importance: the role of religion in politics. Audi argues that citizens in a free democracy should distinguish religious and secular considerations and give them separate though related roles. Wolterstorff argues that religious elements are both appropriate in politics and indispensable to the vitality of a pluralistic democracy. Each philosopher first states his position in detail, then responds to and criticizes the opposing viewpoint. Written with engaging clarity, Religion in the Public Square will spur discussion among scholars, students, and citizens.
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LIBERAL DEMOCRACY AND THE PLACE OF RELIGION IN POLITICS Robert Audi
Separation of Church and State as Addressed to the State
The libertarian principle
The equalitarian principle
The neutrality principle
Religious Obligation and Political Conduct
Grounds and dimensions of religious obligation
The mutual independence of religious sources of obligation
Rawlss Version of the Liberal Position
Rawlss Attempt to Identify the Independent Source
Does the Source Yield the Principles Needed?
Is It Fair to Ask Everyone to Use the Source?
What Does Respect Require?
No Restraint on Religious Reasons
Do We Need Consensus?
Connections among religious and secular sources
Civic Virtue and Religious Conviction
Civic virtue religious commitment and moral obligation
Some Principles and Practices of Civic Virtue
The mutual integration of civic and religious virtues
principle of theoethical equilibrium
Separation of Church and State as Addressed to the Church
Some Problems of Application
THE ROLE OF RELIGION IN DECISION AND DISCUSSION OF POLITICAL ISSUES Nicholas Wolterstorff
What Is a Liberal Democracy?
The Liberal Position
The Ethic of the Citizen and Restraints on Reasons
Are Religious Reasons too Dangerous to Permit?
Lockes Version of the Liberal Position
The Consocial Position
Application to Public Officials
WOLTERSTORFF ON RELIGION POLITICS AND THE LIBERAL STATE Robert Audi
Wolterstorffs Critique of the Liberalism of Locke and Rawls
Wolterstorffs Positive View of Religion and Politics
AUDI ON RELIGION POLITICS AND LIBERAL DEMOCRACY Nicholas Wolterstorff
Audis Version of the Liberal Position
Evaluation of the Rationale
Audis Independent Source
CLOSING COMMENTS AND REMAINING ISSUES Robert Audi
Consensus versus Majority Preference as Democratic Standards
The Justification of Coercion
Liberal Democracy and Mutual Respect
Secular Reasons and Secular Motivation
ABOUT THE AUTHORS
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