Religious Fundamentalism in the Contemporary World: Critical Social and Political Issues

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Santosh C. Saha
Lexington Books, 2004 - Religion - 340 pages
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Today new and ever more pernicious forms of terrorist violence threaten the world. Because these new forms of violence are so often linked to religious radicalism, modern terrorism has challenged the secular ethics of contemporary civil society. There is a pressing need to understand modern religious movements that have added militancy and belligerence as fundamental elements of religious practice. Contributors to this volume painstakingly tackle the question of how to define the contours of current religious fundamentalism as they examine the private and public postures of fundamentalist rhetoric, the importance of its regional variants, and the damage it can do to regional and national education systems. Their analysis tracks trends in religious movements that aspire to radicalize, reform, and violently topple governments and nations, while highlighting the difference between fundamentalist interpretations and other longstanding juridical, political, and intellectual traditions.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Religious Fundamentalism and Its Other Snapshot View from the Global Information Order
9
Some Priority Variables in the Study of Comparative Religious Politics
29
Fundamentalist Ideology Institutions and the State A Formal Analysis
47
Religion between Universal and Particular Eastern Europe after 1989
71
Phases of Political Islam
93
Hindu Revivalist Cultural Policies and Programs in India A Critique
127
Perceiving Islam The Causes and Consequences of Islamophobia in the Western Media
171
Democracy vs Fundamentalism Religious Politics of the Bharatiya Janata Party in India
207
Ethnicity and Religion in Israeli Politics Emergence of the Shas Party
235
Contesting Historiographies in South Asia The Islamization of Pakistani Social Studies Textbooks
265
Bibliography
309
Index
325
About the Contributors
337
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About the author (2004)

Santosh C. Saha is Professor of History at Mount Union College in Ohio.

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