Religious Conscientious Objection to Joining Or Financially Supporting a Labor Organization: Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Labor-Management Relations of the Committee on Education and Labor, House of Representatives, Ninety-sixth Congress, First Session, on H.R. 4774 ... July 17, 1979

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Page 17 - That nothing in this Act . . . or in any other statute of the United States, shall preclude an employer from making an agreement with a labor organization ... to require as a condition of employment membership therein, if such labor organization is the representative of the employees as provided in section 9 (a), in the appropriate collective bargaining unit covered by such agreement when made.
Page 17 - ... 3. By discrimination in regard to hire or tenure of employment or any term or condition of employment to encourage or discourage membership in any labor organization : Provided, That nothing in this Act, or in any other statute of the United States, shall preclude an employer from making an agreement with a labor organization (not established, maintained, or assisted...
Page 10 - ... organization as a condition of employment ; except that such employee may be required, in lieu of periodic dues and initiation fees, to pay sums equal to such dues and initiation fees to a nonreligious...
Page 4 - INDIVIDUALS WITH RELIGIOUS CONVICTIONS SEC. 19. Any employee of a health care institution who is a member of and adheres to established and traditional tenets or teachings of a bona fide religion, body, or sect which has historically held conscientious objections to joining or financially supporting labor organizations shall not be required to join or financially support any labor organization as a condition of employment...
Page 9 - Each employee of the executive branch of the Federal Government has the right, freely and without fear of penalty or reprisal, to form, join, and assist a labor organization or to refrain from any such activity, and each employee shall be protected in the exercise of this right.
Page 4 - Code, chosen by such employee from a list of at least three such funds, designated in such, [a] contract [between such institution and a labor organization] or if the contract fails to designate such funds, then to any such fund chosen by the employee.
Page 17 - ... (b) The Commission believes that the duty not to discriminate on religious grounds required by Section 703 (a) (1) of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, includes an obligation on the part of the employer to make reasonable accommodations to the religious needs of employees and prospective employees where such accommodations can be made without undue hardship on the conduct of the employer's business.
Page 18 - ... has reasonable grounds for believing that membership was denied or terminated for reasons other than the failure of the employee to tender the periodic dues and the initiation fees uniformly required as a condition of acquiring or retaining membership.
Page 10 - Any employee who is a member of and adheres to established and traditional tenets or teachings of a bona fide religion, body, or sect which has historically held conscientious objections to joining or financially supporting labor organizations shall not be required to join or financially support any labor organization as a condition of employment; except that such employee may be required in a contract between such employees...
Page 18 - religion' includes all aspects of religious observance and practice, as well as belief, unless an employer demonstrates that he is unable to reasonably accommodate to an employee's or prospective employee's religious observance or practice without undue hardship on the conduct of the employer's business.

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