Remapping the Ottoman Middle East: Modernity, Imperial Bureaucracy and the Islamic State
As a result of the formation of the modern Turkish state, nationalist narratives of the Ottoman Empire’s collapse are commonplace. Remapping the Ottoman Middle East, on the other hand, examines alternative and disparate routes to modernity during the nineteenth century. Pursuing a comparison of different regions of the empire, this book demonstrates that the Ottoman imperial universe was shaped by three distinct and simultaneous narratives: market relations in its coastal areas; imperial bureaucracy in the cities of central Anatolia, Syria, and Palestine; and Islamic trust networks in the frontier regions of the Arabian peninsula. In weaving together these localized developments, Cem Emrence departs from narratives of state centralism and suggests that a comprehensive way of understanding the late Ottoman world and its legacy should start from exploring regionally-constituted and network-based historical trajectories. Introducing a persuasive new model for understanding the late Ottoman world, this book will be essential reading for historians of the Ottoman Empire.
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Abdulhamid II actors agenda Aleppo Arab Arabian Peninsula Armenian autonomy bargaining became Beirut bureaucratic capital central cities coastal collective action communal conflict consolidated cosmopolitan cultural Damascus Diyarbakır domestic Druze eastern Anatolia eastern Mediterranean economic elite European framework frontier leaderships groups Hawran hegemony hierarchies Hijaz hinterland ideological imperial class inland regions institutional interests interior Iraq Islam Istanbul Izmir Kurdish land late Ottoman late Ottoman Empire late Ottoman historiography late Ottoman history Lebanon lower Iraq macro models major middle classes Middle East military mobilization modernization movement nationalist networks nineteenth century non-Muslim merchants northern Iraq Ottoman coast Ottoman Empire Ottoman frontiers Ottoman path Ottoman rule Ottoman trajectories Ottoman world outcomes Pamuk path-dependent peasants perspective political port-city protection provincial bureaucracy Quataert reform regimes regional paths religious resistance Salonica şeyhs Sharif Sharif of Mecca social Syria Tanzimat tax-farming tion transformation Transjordan tribal tribes Turkish turn urban Muslim bloc western world economy Yemen