Repeated Oral Reading Approach Versus Independent Silent Reading Approach for Reading Fluency and Comprehension

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ProQuest, 2009 - 175 pages
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This study compared two reading fluency approaches on students in a low socioeconomic population. These students were exhibiting difficulty in reading fluency, which was believed to have impeded their reading comprehension and achievement. Prior research has shown significant proof for the repeated oral reading approach to be used in fluency instruction; however, it has not shown the independent silent reading approach to be effective. This study intends to fill the gap concerning the lack of research in the area of the two approaches. This study dealt specifically with low socioeconomic third grade student populations. The study used Texas Primary Reading Inventory (TPRI) to assess each student's fluency rate and comprehension percentage. The independent-samples t-test was used to compare the mean score of the two different groups---experimental and comparison. The paired-samples t-test was used to compare the mean scores of the words correct per minute (WCPM) and comprehension percentage in the pre- and posttest of each group. The one way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was used to compare the mean score of age, ethnicity, and sibling rank.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
NAEP Oral Reading Fluency Scale
8
Literature Review
22
Types of Fluency Approaches or Interventions
35
Methodology
45
Schedule Timeline
57
Results
59
Summary of 3rd Grade Participants by Demographic Variables
61
Group Statistics for Gender
75
Descriptive Statistics of Age for Entire Population
77
ANOVA of Age for Entire Population
78
Posthoc test of Age
79
ANOVA of Age for CAST Group
80
ANOVA of Age for Comparison Group
81
ANOVA of Ethnicity for Entire Population
82
Descriptives Statistics of Sibling Rank
83

Levenes Test of Equality of Error Variance
67
Group Statistics
68
CAST Pairedsamples test
70
Fifth Grade Students Pairedsamples Mest Statistics
71
Fifth Grade Students Pairedsamples Mest
72
Comparison Group Pairedsamples Mest
73
Levenes Test of Equality of Error Variance
84
Discussion Conclusion and Recommendation
89
References
105
The Summary of the National Reading Panels Findings
120
CITI Comprehension Report
133
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