Report, Volume 13

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Page 277 - TYNDALL remarks, *I have seen the wild stone avalanches of the Alps, which smoke and thunder down the declivities with a vehemence almost sufficient to stun the observer. I have also seen snowflakes descending so softly as not to hurt the fragile spangles of which they were composed ; yet to produce from aqueous vapor a quantity of that tender material which a child could carry, demands an exertion of energy competent to gather up the shattered blocks of the largest stone avalanche I have ever seen,...
Page 373 - Forty-eight noble states, in an indissoluble union, are the ample justification of this policy. Their schoolhouses and churches, their shops and factories, their roads and bridges, their railways and warehouses, are the fruits of the characteristic American agriculture of the past.
Page 427 - ... Cuthbert and Turner, should not be over-fertilized. Some kinds demand good clean culture rather than a rich soil that would cause too great a growth of cane and foliage. But with most varieties, I consider from my own experience, there is but little danger of over enriching the ground. By planting in rows six feet apart, and three feet apart in the row, give them a thorough system of cultivation, and a vigorous application of the pruning knife. When the plant has attained the height of about...
Page 356 - Potomac and the Ohio, we say that, unlike the cultivators in any country of Europe except Switzerland and perhaps Scotland, they have at no stage of our history constituted a peasantry in any proper sense of the term. The actual cultivators of the soil here have been the same kind of men precisely as those who filled the professions or were engaged in commercial and mechanical pursuits. Of two sons of the same mother one became a lawyer, perhaps a judge, or went down to the city and became a merchant,...
Page 162 - The land was then plowed for wheat, and I had the pleasure of noticing these three acres to be quite free from the worm, and much superior in other respects to the other part of the field, which suffered greatly. Thus encouraged by these results, I sowed the next year a whole field of forty-two acres, which had never repaid me for nineteen years, in consequence of nearly every crop being destroyed by the wire-worm ; and I am warranted in stating that not a single wire-worm could be found the following...
Page 353 - Ever since the revolt of the British colonies nullified the royal prohibition of the settlement of the Ohio valley, the frontier line of our population has been moving steadily westward, passing over one, two, and even three degrees of longitude in a decade, until now it rests at the base of the Rocky Mountains. The report of the Public Land Commission to Congress, just issued from the press, states that the amount of arable lands still remaining subject to occupation under the Homestead and Preemption...
Page 363 - ... have, in pursuance of this theory of the case, systematically cropped their fields, on the principle of obtaining the largest crops with the least expenditure of labor, limiting their improvements to what was required for the immediate purpose specified, and caring little about returning to the soil any equivalent for the properties taken from it by the crops of each successive year.
Page 70 - That as the representatives of the industrial classes, including all cultivators of the soil, artisans, mechanics, and merchants, we desire the same privileges and advantages for ourselves, our fellows, and our posterity, in each of our several pursuits and callings, as our professional brethren enjoy in theirs; and we admit that it is our own fault that we do not also enjoy them.
Page 364 - When Professor Johnston wrote, the granary of the continent had already moved from the flats of the Upper St. Lawrence to the Mississippi Valley, the north-and-south line which divided the wheat product of the United States into two equal parts being approximately the line of the eighty-second meridian. In 1860 it was the eightyfifth; in 1870, the eighty-eighth; in 1880, the eighty-ninth. Meanwhile, what becomes of the regions over which this shadow of partial exhaustion passes like an eclipse in...
Page 151 - These last are at first white, and all the parts soft as the pupa, and they frequently remain in the earth for weeks at a time, until thoroughly hardened, and then, on some favorable night in May, they rise in swarms and fill the air.

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