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1843—altitudes of Polaris abundant Advance afternoon altitudes of Polaris animals appearance Arcturus August barometer basin Bear river beautiful bottom buffalo camp chronom chronometer Clear and calm Columbia covered creek crossed cumuli descended Determination of latitude Determination of longitude distance Double altitudes encamped eter feet foot grass halted hills horses Index error Indians journey July Kansas Kansas river lake Laramie Laramie river Little Blue river Lyra miles morning mouth nearly night noon North fork Nutt OBSERVATIONS overcast party pass peaks pines plain plants Platte river prairie rain reached RESULT OF CALCULATION ridge road rock Rocky mountains sandy SECOND SERIES side Sierra Sierra Nevada slight breeze Snake river snow species specimens spring stream summit sun's lower limb Sunrise Sunset thermometer timber Torr trail travelled trees tributary True altitude valley willow Wind river mountains yards
Page 157 - of his numerous trapping expeditions, in which he is celebrated as one of the best and bravest leaders who have ever been in the country: The cliffs and masses of rock along the shore were whitened by an incrustation of salt where the waves dashed up against them; and the evaporating water, which had been
Page 75 - a concealed rock immediately at the foot of a fall, which whirled her over in an instant. Three of my men could not swim, and my first feeling was to assist them, and save some of our effects ; but a sharp concussion or two convinced me that I had not yet saved myself. A
Page 75 - fall, our little boat seeming to play with the cataract. We became flushed with success and familiar with the danger ; and, yielding to the excitement of the occasion, broke forth together into a Canadian boat song. Singing, or rather shouting, we dashed along ; and were. I believe, in the midst of the chorus, when the boat
Page 154 - into a crust of common salt, which covered also our hands and arms. "Captain," said Carson, who for some time had been looking suspiciously at some whitening appearances outside the nearest islands, " what are those yonder ?—won't you just take a look with the glass ?" We ceased paddling for a moment, and found them
Page 108 - was up the valley of the Great Platte river to the South Pass, in north latitude 42° ; the route now determined on was up the valley of the Kansas river, and to the head of the Arkansas, and to some pass in the mountains, if any could be found, at the sources of that river.
Page 162 - The bottoms are extensive ; water excellent; timber sufficient; the soil good, and well adapted to the grains and grasses suited to such an elevated region. A military post, and a civilized settlement, would be of great value here ; and cattle and horses would do well where grass and salt so much abound. The lake will furnish
Page 39 - which entirely surround a yard of about one hundred and thirty feet square. Every apartment has its door and window—all, of course, opening on the inside. There are two entrances, opposite each other, and midway the wall, one of which is a large and public entrance; the other smaller and more private—a sort of
Page 132 - waters found their way to the ocean by some subterranean communication. All these things had made a frequent subject of discussion in our desultory conversations around the fires at night ; and my own mind had become tolerably well filled with their indefinite pictures, and insensibly colored with their romantic descriptions, which, in the pleasure of excitement,
Page 72 - made on the hard granite the impression of a large cross, which I covered with a black preparation of Indiarubber, well calculated to resist the influence of wind and rain. It stands amidst the names of many who have long since found their way to the grave, and
Page 217 - many miles. It rose, according to our estimate, 600 feet above the water; and, from the point we viewed it, presented a pretty exact outline of the great pyramid of Cheops. The accompanying drawing presents it as we saw it. Like other rocks along the shore, it seemed to be